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Legal Studies
Reference:

Legal guarantees of treatment of Cetaceans in Ukraine

Babin Boris

Doctor of Law

Head of the Department of Administrative and Criminal Law at Odessa National Maritime Academy

65029, Ukraine, Odesskaya oblast', g. Odessa, ul. Didrikhsona, 13

babinb@ukr.net

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2013.7.8895

Review date:

17-06-2013


Publish date:

1-7-2013


Abstract.

The article discusses the problems regarding procedural regulation of use of marine mammals in Ukraine.  Taking the Cetaceans (Whales) as an example, the author shows use and interaction of international acts on environmental protection and national legislation, and bylaws in this sphere.  It is proven that the goals of environmental protection and economic legal regulation in this sphere are being corrected within the framework of the principle of humane treatment of animals.  The authors shows contradictory meaning of the Rules and norms on treatment of dolphins in captivity, which were adopted in 2012 by an Order of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine.  It is shown that legal reaction to the development of dolphinariums in Ukraine is due to a number of factors.  It is shown that due to commercial success of dolphinariums it is unlikely that there shall be a prohibition or considerable limitation of their activities due to the need to guarantee comfortable captivity conditions for dolphins.   It is also proven that the perspectives of practical implementation of the Rules and norms on treatment of dolphins in captivity of 2012 till 2015 are ambiguous, taking into account factual lack of control over the activities of dolphinariums and their development in Ukraine before these Rules were adopted.  The Rules as such are formally in conformity with the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area of 1996, however, the Rules contradict the requirements viewed as a complex, since they legalize commercial activities of dolphinariums and support the growth of commercial demand for the capture. 
The article discusses the problems regarding procedural regulation of use of marine mammals in Ukraine.  Taking the Cetacea (Whales) as an example, the author shows use and interaction of international acts on environmental protection and national legislation, and bylaws in this sphere.  It is proven that the goals of environmental protection and economic legal regulation in thi s sphere are being corrected within the framework of the principle of humane treatment of animals.  The authors shows contradictory meaning of the Rules and norms on treatment of dolphines in captivity, which were adopted in 2012 by an Order of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine.  It is shown that legal reaction to the development of dolphinariums in Ukraine is due to a number of factors.  It is shown that due to commercial success of dolphinariums it is unlikely that there shall be a prohibition or considerable limitation of their activities due to the need to guarantee comfortable captivity conditions for dolphines.   It is also proven that the perspectives of practical implementation of the Rules and norms on treatment of dolphines in captivity of 2012 till 2015 are ambiguous, taking into account factual lack of control over the activities of dolphinariums and their development in Ukraine before these Rules were adopted.  The Rules as such are formally in conformity withthe Agreement on the Concervation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area of 1996, however, the Rules contradic the requirements viewed as a complex, since they legalize commercial activities of delphinariums and support the growth of commercial demand for the capture. 

Keywords: dolphinariums, dolphins, Cetaceans, marine mammals, marine environment, extraction prohibition, humane treatment, status of animals, environmental protection law, economic activity
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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