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Legal Studies
Reference:

Infanticide and criminal abortion in the rural Russia: past and present.

Bezgin Vladimir Borisovich

Doctor of History

professor of the Department of History and Philosophy at Tambov State Technical University

392000, Russia, Tambov Region, Tambov, str. Sovetstkaya, 106

vladyka62@mail.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2013.4.653

Review date:

17-03-2013


Publish date:

1-4-2013


Abstract.

The author provides a historical legal study on the issue of infanticide and criminal abortions in the rural Russia. Based upon the archive documents and ethnographical sources, he establishes how infanticide was evaluated by the state legislation and customary law ofpeasants, as well as the attitudes towards this type of crime among the Russian villagers.  He establishes the level of spread of child murdering and criminal abortions in the rural areas in late XIX and early XX centuries. He studies methods and motives for infanticides, as well as specific features of criminal cases of this type.  He also analyzes a criminal abortion as a type of "female" crime.  He discusses legislative interpretation of abortion, and reaction of the peasants to such facts, as well as the causes making women abort their pregnancies.  The material includes comparative analysis of the situation in  late XIX and early XX centuries and the current situation.

Keywords: peasants, customary law, criminal law, infanticide, criminal abortion, village, sin, crime motives, unfathered children, punishment
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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