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Legal Studies
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Local law of the Baltic provinces within the legal system of the Russian Empire: integration, systematization and unification (XVIII - early XX centuries).

Kodan Sergei Vladimirovich

Doctor of Law

Professor, the department of Theory of State and Law, Merited Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Ural State Law Academy; Editor-in-Chief of the Scientific Journal “Genesis: Historical Studies”

620137, Russia, Sverdlvskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Komsomol'skaya, 21, of. 210

svk2005@yandex.ru

 

 
Fevralev Sergei Aleksandrovich

PhD in Law

lecturer 

456200, Chelyabinskaya Oblast, Zlatoust, ul. 30-letia Pobedy 15. 

s.a.fevralev@rambler.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2013.7.626

Review date:

17-06-2013


Publish date:

1-7-2013


Abstract.

Inclusion of the Baltic regions into the Muscovy started in 1700 - 1721 during the war with Sweden, and it brought into the Russian legal system a social and territorial area with a complicated system of particular sources of law, reflecting its former inclusion into the Baltic territories of the Livonian Confederation (XIII - XVI centuries), and then into the Swedish Kingdom (Esthland, Livonia). Inclusion of the Kurland into the Russian Empire after the third separation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795 completed the inclusion of the Baltic provinces into the Russian Empire.  The various layers of legal information from the former states of the Baltic provinces did not facilitate integration of the local law into the legal system of the Russian Empire, and it was an obstacle to a normal development of legal practice. The measures taken to clarify the local laws both before and after the territories were included into the Russian Empire in XVIII - first quarter of XIX centuries were not successful.  Systematization of local sources of law in 1930 - mid-1940s was an important stage of formation of local law in the Baltic provinces, and in 1845 the first and second part of the Code of Local Laws of the Baltic provinces became an important stage of it as well.  In 1864 the third part of the Code was adopted, and it included civil law provisions of particular law. In 1840-1860 the criminal and procedural legislation of the Baltic provinces was substituted with the Russian legislation. The said issues became the subject of analysis in this article.

Keywords: the Russian Empire, Russian law, sources of law, law of a state, local law, local legal acts, systematization of legislation, unification law, the law of the Baltics, the law of the Baltic provinces
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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