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Legal Studies

Borish Chicherin about Law and the Concept of Separation of Powers

Parkhomenko Roman Nikolaevich

Doctor of Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy and Culturology, Russian University of Transport

127994, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Obraztsova, d. 9, str. 9

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The article is devoted to the ideas of a famous Russian political philosopher and jurist Boris Nikolaevich Chicherin (1828 - 1904) about state, civil society, definition of law and separation of powers. Today, when researchers talk about Boris Chicherin's philosophical legacy, they usually stress out that Chicherin was one of the founders of Russian legal science. Chichern wrote a number of works directly or indirectly connected with the issues of law, politics, history and theory of state. The cornerstone of his philosophy of law was the conception of human as a free personality. Chicherin political credo was the union between the liberal state and strong power - this is what Chichern viewed as the particular feature of the Russian State. For Chicherin legal order in a state was very important. Such legal order must limit the sphere of political power in all its form, either it is a democratic republic or monarchy. Chichern warned against the despotism of crowd and believed the principle of the ruling majority as the excuse of dictatorship. However, based on A. Valitsky, this Chicherin's position was not contradictory to political liberalism. Chicherin could have been described as a 'typical liberal of the epoch when liberalism and democracy were not inseparable and could even oppose to one another'. 

Keywords: Chicherin, law, separation of powers, Locke, liberalism, freedom, stae, legal studies, law, philosophy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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