Статья 'Результаты геномных исследований как объекты гражданского права' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Legal Studies
Reference:

Results of genomic research as the objects of civil law

Belaia Olesya Valer'evna

PhD in Law

Docent, the department of Civil Law and Procedure, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University

236041, Russia, Kaliningradskaya oblast', g. Kaliningrad, ul. A. Nevskogo, 14

whiteolesya@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2020.7.33796

Review date:

31-08-2020


Publish date:

14-09-2020


Abstract.

The object of this research is the determination of means of establishing the results of genomic research as the objects of intellectual property. The author analyzes the Russian normative legal acts regulating the questions of conducting genomic research and securing the rights to their results. The problem of absence of the universal definition and conceptual framework for genomic research in the national legislation is indicated. Analysis is carried out on the defended in legal community scientific positions pertaining to the need for separate consolidation and legal regulation of each type of product or organism that contains genes, or derivative from biomaterial, as well as the genes and genome themselves. The main conclusions consists in formulation and substantiation of the concept of “genomic research” and the results of genomic research. The original classification of the results of genomic research into static and dynamic is proposed. The author believes that the intellectual property law is most suitable for legal regulation and consolidation of the rights to results of genomic research. Inexpedience of determining each type of product or organism that creates or contains biomaterial as an object of intellectual property is substantiated. The author holds that the amendments to legislation should be introduced in exceptional circumstances when a new object possesses unique characteristics, and the existing tools of intellectual property law do not allow reflecting its specificity and protect the interests of its bearer.

Keywords: results of genomic research, object, innovation, intellectual property law, genomic research, genome, gene, civil law, static results, dynamic results
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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