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Legal Studies
Reference:

Individuals Who Have the Right to Claim Protection of Custody Rights and Access Rights Under International Treaty
Kurchinskaya-Grasso Natalia

International Law Scholar, Grasso Law Firm (Italy – Russia)

90046, Italiya, g. Monreale, ul. Xvi Marzo, 18

natgrasso@libero.it
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2019.9.30595

Review date:

22-08-2019


Review date:

24-08-2019


Publish date:

25-09-2019


Abstract.

The matter under research is Articles 8 and 21 of the International Child Abduction Convention of 1980 and Clause 1 of Article 244.11 of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation, the legal acts that establish a scope of persons who have the right to claim custody or access to a child. The object of the research is the relations arising between an individual that has the right to make such a claim and the national court of the country where an under-aged child has been unlawfully taken or where such a child is wrongfully retained. The author notes that legal acts do not provide a clear scope of persons thus she offers to make amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. In her research the author has used such methods as logical analysis and systems approach, comparative law methods, formal law methods and others. The main conclusions of the research demonstrate imperfection of the current Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on persons who have the right to claim custody or access rights; contestability of conclusions made by the European Court of Human Rights on convention affairs; and problematic creation of the European Court of Human Rights precedent about recognition of rights of access for individuals who substitute for parents. The author's special contribution to the topic is her suggestions on elimination of problems in the Russian procedural law, recognition of a child over 14 years old as a rightholder (and giving him or her a lawyer as a representative), extention of the list of individuals who have the right to make aforesaid claims and non-recognition of custody and access rights in case genetic parents are not proved by the legal entry. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author carries out a complex analysis of the provisions of Clause 1 of Article 244.11 of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation and how it correlates to the provisions of The Convention of 1980. 

Keywords: rights of access, rights of custody, parents, child, international child abduction, wrongful retention of child, The Hague Convention, European Court, right to claim, cross-border protection
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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