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Law and Politics
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Organizational and legal development of biotechnologies in Brazil on the basis of accumulated scientific information in the context of ensuing national security
Belikova Ksenia Mikhailovna

Doctor of Law

Professor, the department of Civil Law and Procedure and International Private Law, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, of. 359

BelikovaKsenia@yandex.ru

 

 

Abstract.

Based on the analysis of a number of documents (Biotechnology Development Policy of 2007; Law No.9279 of May 14, 1996 “On the Industrial Property”, revised in 2001),implementation of several projects of São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), this article examines the experience of development of biotechnologies in one of the BRICS countries – Brazil. It strongly depends on the international legal regime of biotechnologies; thus, when Brazil joined WTO in 1995, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) became obligatory, although the provisions significantly differed from the current at the moment legislation in the area of intellectual property of Brazil. The author explores the issues it caused from the perspective of the American practice of settlement that is foreign for both, Russia and Brazil. The scientific novelty lies in a comprehensive analysis from the standpoint of law on intellectual property of Brazil’s approach to organizational and legal arrangement of biotechnology development in the context of international legal regime created by TRIPS, with consideration of the American experience. It is concluded that the provisions of the acting Biotechnology Development Policy of 2007 testifies to the fact that the Brazilian government understands the need to enhance protection of intellectual property for the development of biotechnological sector.

Keywords: industrial property, TRIPS, WTO, biotechnology development, scientific information, Brazil, BRICS, patents, ONSA, FAPESP

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0706.2019.6.29907

Article was received:

12-06-2019


Review date:

10-06-2019


Publish date:

19-06-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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