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Legal Studies

The Good Faith Principle and the Idea of Justice in Civil Law

Ul'yanishchev Viktor Georgievich

PhD in Law

Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Process and International Private Law at Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, of. 359

Badaeva Nataliia

PhD in Law

Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Process and International Private Law at Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, of. 359




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Abstract: This study is methodological in nature since it is devoted to the fundamental problem, the formation of a national civil law and order. The essence of the problem is: whether it is possible to create a rule of law by declaring several “catchy” ideas that supposedly justify it, or it is necessary to painstakingly build norms and institutions in which those ideas (of different levels) that fill the system with necessary life force are manifested. The immediate reason for the formulation of the problem was the appearance in 2012 in Art. 1 of the Civil Code wording on the need to "act in good faith" in the "establishment, implementation and protection of civil rights and in the performance of civil duties." There was a need to identify the scientific and socio-economic substantiations of this novel and, most importantly, the prospects for its value (axiological) manifestation in the law and order of the Russian Federation. To achieve the validity of the generalizations, the authors turned to a comparative legal study of the problems (appeal to Federal Civil Code of 1804, Civil Code of 1896, Swiss Civil Code of 1912; civil legislation of Italy 1942 and civil legislation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1994). It turned out that all the current civil codes of the continental legal system to some extent follow the direction of combining "moral and legal", the roots of which go back to Roman law. The final part of the work contains conclusions from the conducted historical and comparative legal research of the topic. According to the authors, the combination of specific rules on the application of moral concepts (“good faith”, “justice”) with the professional and responsible behavior of the legal (judicial, first of all) community can ensure an adequate level of “good faith” of participants in civil turnover.

Keywords: morality, law and order bases, continental law, roman law, conscientiousness, justice, judicial discretion, law principle, valuable criteria of law, yuridization of moral concepts
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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