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Law and Politics
Reference:

Some thoughts on harm caused by high-risk source in legislation of the United States and the Russian Federation
Belikova Ksenia Mikhailovna

Doctor of Law

Professor, the department of Civil Law and Procedure and International Private Law, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, of. 359

BelikovaKsenia@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Rumyantsev Mikhail Borisovich

PhD in Law

Senior Scientific Associate, the department of Scientific and Technical Information and Petenting, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Refrigeration Industry

127422, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Kostyakova, 12

mikrumjancev@rambler.ru

Abstract.

This article deals with certain problems of legal regulation of the relations from harm caused by high-risk sources in legislation of Russian and the United States. The authors rely not upon the examination of abstract models of functionality of the high-risk source as tool separated from the manufacturer, but rather the results of studying the legal norms (including legislative regulations and precedents), doctrine and judicial practice of both countries that provide answers to multiple argumentative questions. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the authors consider the legal concepts and legislative solutions in the area of relations from the harm causes by high-risk sources (enhanced by hazardous activity) in the Russian Federation and the United States from the perspective of evolution of the scientific thought of these countries. The authors detect the common feature in both legislations – the doctrines of the Russian Federation and the United States contain the idea on the need for consideration not only the functionality of the tool (high-risk source), but also the actions of the operator of the high-risk source. Based on the conducted analysis of the physical essence of the high-risk source, is established the dialectical unity of the object, its properties and their possible transformation in the process of manufacturing or exploitation of the object. The analysis of physical essence with regards to resolution of the dichotomy of joint and several responsibility must be applied in future works dedicated to causing harm by the high-risk sources.

Keywords: product liability, fault, strict liability, Russian Federation and United States, ultrahazardous activity, high-risk sources, tort law, tort, negligence, Restatements of Torts

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0706.2018.5.24901

Article was received:

06-12-2017


Review date:

06-12-2017


Publish date:

27-05-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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