Статья 'Методология изучения сельской преступности в первые годы советской власти' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Rural Crime Studying Methodology During the First Years of the Soviet Regime

Antonov-Romanovskii Grigorii Vsevolodovich

PhD in Law

Assisistant to the State Duma Deputy, State Duma of the Russian Federation

Russia, Moskva, ul. 2 Zvenigorodskaya, d. 15.

DK-8888@ya.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Chirkov Dmitry Konstantinovich

PhD in Law

professor of the Higher school of business of management and right, "Russian State University of Tourism and Service" (RSUTS)

141221, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', pos. Cherkizovo, ul. Glavnaya, 99

dk-8888@yandex.ru
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DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2018.4.24375

Review date:

08-10-2017


Publish date:

23-04-2018


Abstract: The 1920s faced the ideological pressure on the rural crime studying methodology as the peasant policy tightened. During the period of narrowing economic independence of peasants, all researches were marked as 'Marxist understanding of crime factors'. Collectivisation resulted in recognition of the 'anti-scientific nature' of the factors theory and reduction of rural crime researches. The object of this research is the social relations that relate to the existence of crime in the country-side and measures undertaken to prevent it during the first years of the Soviet regime. The purpose of the research is to discover criminological features of rural crime during the first years of the Soviet regime. The subject of the research includes the criminological features of rural crime; measures of overall social and special legal prevention of rural crime; and results of multi-year researches carried out by the authors. The research methods used by the authors included general research methods and special research methods such as logical, historical, comparative law, structured system and statistical methods. The methodological basis of the research implied the founding categories of the dialectical materialism such as negation of the negation, transition from quantity to quality, and others. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the authors describe criminological features of rural crime and specific measures of prevention of this kind of crime as a result of their analysis of rural crime during the first years of the Soviet regime. The main conclusion of the research is that not only rural living conditions influenced the crime factors but so did repression and prohibition of crime studies in the USSR. 


Keywords: statistical account, Soviet criminal statistics, economic conditions, ideological pressure, fight against crime, scientific studying of crime, studying methodology, prevention of crime, rural crime, crime problems
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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