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Legal Studies

Mass Media in Terms of Legal Capacity and Competence

Nesterov Aleksandr Ivanovich

PhD in Law

corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences

117513, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Akademika Bakuleva, 2, kv. 127




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Abstract: The subject of this research is the particular aspects of the legal regulation of mass media sphere that touch upon the nature of mass media and mass media establishment. The author of the article carries out an analysis of the Russian law on mass media and, based on the analysis results, makes a number of conclusions that underline the need to improve certain provisions of the laws not only in the procedure but also in the content. The author pays special attention to the definition (i.e. clarification) of the range of collective law subjects that have the right to act as an establisher of mass media according to the Russian law. The methodological basis of the research includes general research methods, formal law method of interpreting law and comparative law method. Based on the author, the novelty of the research is caused by the approach to interpreting mass media information as it is, i.e. using such legal concepts as legal capacity and law subject as methodological means of research. On the one hand, this allowed to demonstrate imperfection of the Russian law, in particular, the fact that the 'mass media' term is used by the Russian law in different meanings (law subject and law object) while it is legally defined as the law object. On the other hand, in the course of his analysis of applicable laws and regulations as well as judgements of Russian courts, Nesterov has discovered uncertainty in the definition of a range of individuals whose legal capacity allow them to act as mass media establishers. The author points out that not all collective law subjects mentioned in Article 7 of the Law on Mass Media may act as mass media establishers. It appears that conclusions made by the author may be of interest to researchers and, if recognized, may be used in law-making and law-enforcement processes. A number of conclusions and suggestions made by the author of this article focus not only on improving particular laws and regulations but may also extend the mechanism of legal regulation of all social relations being viewed as well as define a range of individuals who are entitled to execute rights and responsibilities set forth by the law as well as to bear legal responsibility for violations of law being committed. 

Keywords: mass media, mass media establishment, law subject, law object, mass media subscriber, union of citizens, legal capacity, organization, labour union, social association
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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