Статья 'Работодатели и профсоюзы в правовом механизме обеспечения прав женщин-мигрантов в аспекте борьбы с ВИЧ/СПИД: международные стандарты и зарубежный опыт' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Legal Studies

Employers and trade unions within the legal mechanism of protection of rights of women migrants in the context of struggle against HIV/AIDS: international standards and foreign experience

Gorian Ella

ORCID: 0000-0002-5962-3929

PhD in Law

Docent, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service

690014, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, ul. Gogolya, 41, kab. 5502

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Abstract: The research object is the relations, emerging in the process of ensuring the rights of women migrants in the context of struggle against HIV/AIDS. The author outlines the peculiarities of the legal mechanism of protection of the rights of women migrants in the context of struggle against HIV/AIDS: in the active involvement of employers and their organizations, social organizations and trade unions. The author studies the international tendencies of interaction between employers and trade unions and every particular role of each of the mentioned actors within this mechanism. The study emphasizes the coordinating role of international organizations in the protection of rights of women migrants by employers and trade unions. In order to obtain the most reliable scientific results, the author applies the range of general scientific methods (system-structural, formal-logical and hermeneutical) and special legal methods of cognition (comparative-legal and formal-legal). These methods are used as a single complex. Employers and trade unions play a special role in the provision of rights of women migrants in the context of struggle against HIV/AIDS. They determine the observance of the non-discrimination and gender equality principles at work. Multinational companies have activated their work, aimed at the protection of employees’ rights, including those of women migrants, in the sphere of HIV/AIDS for economic reasons: customers prefer buying the products, produced by the companies, which don’t violate human rights; the realization of programs, aimed at HIV/AIDS prevention, reduces the expenses on diseased workers. The active role is played by employers’ associations – business coalitions, which develop joint programs for HIV/AIDS prevention. Being focused on human rights, trade unions actively protect the rights of employees using the existing instruments: educational programs and courses and the representation of employees’ rights before the employers. The International Labor Organization ensures cooperation between employers and trade unions, using the three-party meetings mechanism. Collective talks between the employer and the trade union are the important institution of protection of rights of women migrants which promotes the consolidation of obligations of the employer to the employee in the sphere of struggle against HIV/AIDS in collective agreements and the anti-HIV/AIDS policy. 

Keywords: multinational companies, discrimination, HIV/AIDS, women's rights, human rights, international migration, trade union, legal mechanism, minimum standards, decent work
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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