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Legal Studies
Reference:

The subject of illegal psychiatric committal: disputable issues

Ivanova Liliya Viktorovna

PhD in Law

Assistant Professor of the Criminal Law and Procedure Department of the Tyumen State University

625000, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tyumen', ul. Lenina, 38

ivanova_liliya@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2016.7.19595

Review date:

29-06-2016


Publish date:

13-07-2016


Abstract.

The article studies the provisions of the criminal law theory about illegal psychiatric committal, the provisions of criminal legislation imposing liability for it, and the particular provisions of the law regulating the reasons and the procedure of psychiatric treatment in the Russian Federation. Special attention is paid to establishing the persons, participating in the process of hospitalization of a person and criminally liable according to the article 128 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The study is based on the system approach; the author applies the logical, normative-dogmatic and comparative-legal methods of cognition. Using the analysis of various scholars’ views on the nature of the subject of the crime under consideration and the system interpretation of the provisions of specific legislation in the sphere of psychiatric treatment, the author substantiates the conclusion about the special subject of the crime stipulated by the part 1 of the article 128 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Therefore, it is unnecessary to mention malfeasance in the part 2 of the mentioned article. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the proposed variant of qualification of actions of the persons, who are not special subjects according to the article 128 of the Criminal Code, but participate in illegal psychiatric committal, for example, the representative of the tutorship and guardianship authority, who doesn’t decide on hospitalization. These persons should be liable as accessories depending on their role in the crime. In the case when a parent or a legal representative asks for illegal psychiatric committal of a person, but the psychiatrist doesn’t decide on hospitalization, the actions of these persons won’t be criminally liable in the case of the absence of the elements of another crime. The conclusions and proposals of the study are interesting for theorists and practitioners. 

Keywords: psychiatric hospital, malfeasance, psychiatrist's criminal liability, psychiatric hospital, qualification , crimes against freedom, consciously illegal sentence, criminal complicity, subject of a crime, illegal psychiatric committal
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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