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Legal Studies
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Provisions and principles of the Soviet criminal law of the period of New Economic Policy and laying the groundwork of socialism in the USSR

Lysenkov Sergei

professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law at St. Petersburg Military Institute for Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

198205, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Letchika Pilyutova, 1, kab. tigp

sergey.lysenkov@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2016.7.19507

Review date:

17-06-2016


Publish date:

13-07-2016


Abstract.

The research subject is the process of development of the provisions and principles of the Soviet criminal law in the first criminal codes of the Russian Federation and their transformation during the period of laying the groundwork of socialism and establishing the authoritarian Stalin regime in the USSR. The main attention is paid to the content of the articles of the criminal law on responsibility for the crimes against the state, public management and military service, many of which demonstrated the punitive and deterrent function of criminal law and didn’t correspond with the general principles of socialist legality, justice and humanism. The research methodology is based on the traditional approaches and methods of dialectical materialism allowing studying all the processes and phenomena in their development, interrelation and interdependence. The author concludes that, despite the fact that none of the Soviet criminal code had contained the notion “principle”, this term was often used in scientific and special literature; in the beginning of its development, the Soviet criminal law admitted law enforcement based on the revolutionary legal consciousness of judges and analogy of the law; the punitive and preventive function of the criminal law transformed into the punitive and deterrent one during the period of establishment of the authoritarian regime. 

Keywords: state crimes, public enemy, punitive and deterrent function, authoritarian regime, criminal liability, justice, legality, principles and provisions, criminal code, criminal law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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