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Technical and electronic means in criminal proceedings: the notion, the place and the role
Litvin Il'ya Il'ich

Postgraduate at the Department of Criminal Proceedings of the Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

620057, Russia, Yekaterinburg, ul. Korepina, 66

ila-lake888@rambler.ru

Abstract.

The article studies the approaches, described in the scientific literature, to the concept of technical means, the place of technical means and their purpose in criminal proceedings. The author analyzes the criminal procedural rules regulating the forms of technical means application. The author compares the notions “technical means”, “technical and criminological means”, “scientific and technical means”, “technical means of communication” and “electronic means”. Special attention is given to the problem of application of recording technical means. The author assesses the status of information, acquired via technical and electronic means, in proving during criminal proceedings. The research methodology is based on the set of general scientific and special research methods including the normative-logical and system methods, synthesis, analysis, deduction, induction and other research methods. The author concludes about the necessity to legislate to notion “technical means” and singles out electronic means as a special form of technical means based on the criterion of the result of their application in the form of electronic information. The author proposes the notion “electronic means” and emphasizes the necessity to endow the results of technical means application with evidentiary value. 

Keywords: electronic evidences , electronic information, technical means of communication, means of recording, technical means application, "technical means" notion, electronic means, technical means, proving , criminal proceedings

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2017.1.18727

Article was received:

28-04-2016


Review date:

11-04-2016


Publish date:

28-01-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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