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Genesis: Historical research

Code of Law of David, the son of Alavik as a landmark of Armenian law
Zurnachyan Avak Sergeevich

Senior Educator, Department of State and Municipal Management and Personnel Management, Magnitogorsk State Technical University named after G.I. Nosova

455000, Russia, Chelyabinskaya oblast', g. Magnitogorsk, prospekt Lenina, 24

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The subject of this research is the Code of Law and its content of David, the son of Alavik, devised approximately in 1130.  The article is focused on the questions of legal regulation of the secular relations due to the fact that this Code of Law became Armenian first secular legal act, and was not a result of the legislative work of the church. The Code of Law was unsanctioned by the present authorities of the conquerors (Turks and Arabs), but at the same time was put into practice, thus it is of a great interest for studying. David’s Code of Law is one of the most little-studied sources of Armenian law till the present times. Among the main conclusions is the fact that David developed the first secular Code of Law, in which he attempted to reflect the existed in reality norms of common law, and based on them create a normative foundation for regulating the civil, family, labor, criminal-legal relations for the purpose of ensuring the rights and liberties of Armenian people. Thus, the principle of mandatory pay for work and the purpose for marriage (birth of children) were enacted for the first time. Some of the rules established by the Code of Law later became the origins for the more famous and studied Armenian Codes of Law – Mkhitar Gosh’s legal code(XII-XIII centuries), and Sempad the Constable legal code (1265).

Keywords: Armenian law, History of Law, of Law, David's son Alavika, Canon law, Civil law, Labour law, Family law, Criminal law, Justice
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Zurnachyan A.S. Sudebnik Smbata Sparapeta kak pamyatnik armyanskogo prava // Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya. - 2015. - 4. - C. 434 - 457. DOI: 10.7256/2409-868X.2015.4.15534. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/hr/article_15534.html
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