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Legal Studies
Reference:

Criminal and political persecution of the Jews in the Russian Empire in the late 19th the early 20th centuries

Egorov Vadim Valerevich

Postgraduate Student at Nizhny Novgorod State University, Department of Theory and History of State and Law

603115, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, ul. Ashkhabadskaya, 4, kab. 25

vadimego@gmail.com

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2015.9.15845

Review date:

11-07-2015


Publish date:

03-09-2015


Abstract.

The aim of the research is to study the influence of the legislation of the Russian Empire on the life of the Jews. The author characterizes criminal and political persecution of the Jewish people in the late 19th – the early 20th centuries and studies the Jews’ struggle against discrimination in this period. The subject of the research is the Russian legislation on the Jews. The object of the research is the range of social political and legal relations in the Russian Empire in the 18th - the early 20th centuries influencing the character and the peculiarities of regulation of condition of the Jewish population in Russia. The author uses the formal-logical, the historical-legal methods, the method of historical and political interpretation of law. The author concludes that the most important motivational components of the policy of the Russian Empire in relation to the Jews were heterogeneous: on the one hand, the government tried to incorporate the Jewish population into the Russian society by means of overcoming the main feature separating the Jews from the majority of the population – Judaism. On the other hand, the fear of a political, confessional, economic and national supremacy of the Jews took place. The author outlines the motivational components of the Jewish population in their struggle for wider rights: 1. The will to overcome the Jewish Pale, which became the most important impetus to their aspiration for a comprehensive development, first of all, for education; 2. The will to become a political actor of the Russian society and to change the legal situation in Russia. 

Keywords: acculturation, legal standing, discrimination, policy, restrictive legislation, the Jewish Pale, the Jews, Judaism, Christianization, Russification
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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