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Legal Studies

Continuity and novations in law-making activities of Empress Anna Ioannovna
El'chaninova Ol'ga Yur'evna

PhD in History

Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Samara Law Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia

443115, Russia, Samarskaya oblast, g. Samara, ul. Demokraticheskaya, 37, kv. 131

Другие публикации этого автора

El'chaninov Andrei Petrovich

PhD in Law

Associate Professor at Samara Juridical Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Department of Criminal and Penitentiary Law

443115, Russia, Samara, ul. Demokraticheskaya, 37, kv. 131



The subject of the research is the legislative system of the 1730th – the 1740th. The authors attempt to objectively assess certain institutions of the system of law of the Russian Empire in the reign of Anna Ioannovna. Special attention is paid to the specificity of the form and the content of legal acts. The authors prove that the legal practice of that period was unstable and imperfect. The authors note a significant influence of German law-making culture on the form and the content of legal documents. At the same time it is shown that a great deal of legal acts had a bulky and unstructured linguistic form without a division into clauses, paragraphs, etc. On the base of the logical and system-structural methods the authors consider the types of the sources of law of this historical period, analyze and structure them. The authors come to the following conclusions: during the reign of Anna Ioannovna there had been made an unsuccessful attempt to separate the court from the administrative bodies; the Senate had again been made the highest appellate judicial institution; the 1714 primogeniture act had been abrogated; the issues of the responsibilities of the authorities had been actively managed; special attention had been paid to the activities of fiscal bodies and to the regulation of the military department; the system of criminal penalties remained unchanged except for the toughening of sanctions for state crimes. 

Keywords: law, law-making, system of punishment, decree of the Senate, decree, statutes, manifest, legal act, state, legislation



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Khakimov T.U. O nekotorykh istoricheskikh tendentsiyakh stanovleniya i razvitiya zakonodatel'stva ob administrativno-pravovom rezhime prebyvaniya inostrantsev na territorii Rossii // Administrativnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo. - 2014. - 7. - C. 700 - 706. DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2014.7.12275.
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