Статья 'Прокурор: от Петра Великого до наших дней. Эволюция функциональной деятельности в уголовном процессе' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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A Prosecutor: from Peter the Great to the present day. Evolution of functional activity in criminal process

Sychev Dmitry

PhD in Law

Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the St. Petersburg Law Institute (Branch) of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

194354, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Sikeirosa, 12

ds999rus@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2015.3.14386

Review date:

05-02-2015


Publish date:

03-03-2015


Abstract: The subject of the research is the evolution of functional content of the prosecutor's activities at pretrial stages of criminal process. The author outlines the functions of  procedural oversight and prosecution in the prosecutors' activities. The author analyzes the normative base of Russian legislation from Peter the Great to the present day, which is a means of these functions implementation. The author examines such aspects of the issue as the origins of the prosecutor's criminal procedural functions, their dependence on the role of the prosecutor in the state mechanism as a whole. The article shows the historical continuity of Russian prosecutors of different epochs in implementation of these two functions. The methodology of the study is based on the provisions of the dialectical method of cognition. Along with it the study uses the comparative legal, the system, the logical-legal and the historical methods of scientific research. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the complex historical and legal study of the implementation of the functions by the prosecutor in the criminal trial in Russia from Peter the Great to the present day. The article shows the historical continuity of the role of the prosecutor's figure in the criminal proceedings in different historical epochs. The research provides the extensive analysis of pre-revolutionary and contemporary authors' views towards the issue. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of simultaneous possession by the prosecutor of functions of prosecution and supervision, and the necessity of a further conservation of such a model of the prosecutor's activities.


Keywords: prosecutor, type of process, investigation model, prosecutor's functions system, supervision, criminal prosecution, directions of criminal procedure, criminal procedural functions, pre-trial criminal proceedings, law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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