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Legal Studies
Reference:

Forms of Civil Control in Legal Process of Ancient Russia

Shchuplenkov Nikolai Olegovich

senior lecturer, Department of History, Law and Social Disciplines of the Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute

357600, Russia, Essentuki, ul. Dolina Roz, 7.

veras-nik@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2014.11.1348

Review date:

20-10-2014


Publish date:

03-11-2014


Abstract: This article deals with the history of creation of creating the civil control forms in the legal process of ancient Russia, its specific features and peculiarities. It shows the influence of conflict resolution studies and jurisprudence on performing mediation procedures. The importance of this work may be put down to the fact that the number of published works on the subject of mediation in ancient Russia is relatively small. The role of a mediator in conflict resolution in the legal process of ancient Russia has hardly been studied. The objective of this research is to analyses the creation of the institute of mediation in Russia. The author examines the officers of the judicial system in ancient Russia which were responsible for resolving disputes using alternative methods. in order to examine this subject, the following literature was analyzed: known scientific articles on the subject of pre-court proceeding, the texts of Pskovian court documents of the 15th century and Novgorod  birchbark letters. Alternative methods of dispute resolution as institutes of self-regulation in civil society could be used in ancient Russia along with the legal remedies. Such procedures did not replace public justice and did not violate the citizens’ lawful right to legal protection. Thanks to the alternative methods of dispute resolution, the parties could settle their conflict independently on mutually acceptable terms, which strengthened their reputation and preserved their partnerships. The author identifies the persons responsible for alternative dispute resolution methods among the workers of the court system of ancient Russia.


Keywords: civil society, conflict, mediation, amicable dispute settlement in Novgorod, Novgorod birchbark letters, negotiations, settlement arrangements, court bailiffs, dispute, mediation court
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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