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Legal Studies
Reference:

Restoration by the Soviet Government of Russian (Soviet Union) citizenship or re-emigrants among the members of the White Movement and the political emigrants.

Belkovets Larisa

Doctor of History

professor of the Department of History of State and Law, Constitutional Law at Tomsk State University 

630007, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Sovetskaya, 7, of. priemnaya

belkovec@ngs.ru

 

 
Belkovets Sergei Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Associate Professor, Department of the Humanities Fundamentals of the State Service of the Siberian Institute of Administration of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.

630102, Russia, Novosibirsk, Nizhegorodskaya ulitsa, dom 6.

rzepa@mail.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2014.4.11410

Review date:



Publish date:

1-4-2014


Abstract.

The article concerns the policy of the Soviet government towards the participants of the White movement and the political emigrants in 1920s-1930s. The author studied the processes of restoration of the Russian citizenship and return of the emigrants to their Motherland. The Soviet government used various means to fight ideological opponents and counterrevolution, but it allowed the amnesty for all the former Russian citizens, who have not committed grievous crimes against it, allowing them to return to their Motherland or to restore their Russian (Soviet) citizenship.  The author showed the process of cooperation between the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs and the Supreme Commissioner of the League of Nations Fridtjof  Nansen on the issues of refugees and repatriations of the "Russian refugees". The author expresses an original (for the modern attitudes) point of view on the problem of "philosophical ship" of 1922. Based upon the combination of historical and legal facts with the use of the scientific evaluation method and based upon the achievements of Russian and foreign historiography, the author attempted to form a picture of historic reality, which is very close to the objective truth.  The legislation of the RSFSR (SSSR) on the issue of citizenship of the "former Russian nationals" in 1920s- 1930s was defined by the revolutionary events in Russia, as well as consequences of the World War and the Civil War.  The policy of the Soviet Government was aimed at fighting counter-revolutionary organizations, who continued anti-Soviet activities and wished to return the property, that they have lost.  It was only towards such persons and entities that the government actively used limitation and deprivation of citizenship rights in order to support its position and to protect itself from external and internal enemies.  But the Soviet state took every effort to keep the citizenship for the Russians, who were willing to take part in the formation of a new society and a new state without exploitation and oppression.

Keywords: return, amnesty, emigrants, the White movement, counter-revolution, power, Bolsheviks, the Soviet Russia, the Nansen passport, the Russian citizenship
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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