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Mutualism or the peculiarities of Turkeys policy towards Russia

Shangaraev Ruslan Nasimovich

PhD in Economics

Research Fellow at the Institute for Topical International Problems of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation 

119021, Russia, Moscow, ul. Ostozhenka, 53/2, of. 345

shang143@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7543.2017.1.21840

Review date:

30-01-2017


Publish date:

22-02-2017


Abstract: The research object is the peculiarities of the modern Turkey’s foreign policy in its historical development from Osmanism to Kemalism and Pan-Turkism, and its influence on relations with Russia. The main ideologies of the Republic of Turkey have been mixing and synthesizing for the last 20-30 years. Often it’s hard to define where Kemalism ends and Neo-Osmanism or Islamism starts, and it is the reflection of the objective process of interpenetration of the two main political elites and the establishment of a certain form of a compromise between them. The author applies the methods of political-historical and comparative analysis to define the place and role of Russia-Turkey relations on the geopolitical map of Middle East and Central Asia. The author concludes that the modern Turkey’s foreign policy can be characterized as a policy of turbulent pragmatism or as a policy of national interests as they are understood by the political leaders of the country in the particular moment and the particular political situation, when political decisions are made on the base of short-term and medium-term benefits. Despite the current crisis in bilateral Russia-Turkey relations, the fundamental parameters and strategical goals of sectoral cooperation between the countries remain. 


Keywords: Pan-Islamism, Pan-Turkism, international security, Kemalism, strategic interests, Turkey, Russia, Westernism, Syria, Middle East
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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