Статья 'Археологические, геолого-геоморфологические и архивные источники виртуальной реконструкции исторического ландшафта восточной части Белого города Москвы (XIV-XVI вв.): Подкопаево и реконструкция долины речки Рачки' - журнал 'Историческая информатика' - NotaBene.ru
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Historical informatics
Reference:

Archeological, Geological, Geomorphological and Archival Sources to Reconstruct the Eastern Part of Moscow Bely Gorod Historical Landscape (the 14th-16th Centuries): Podkopaevo and the Rachka River Valley Reconstruction

Boitsov Igor' Aleksandrovich

Researcher, Archeology Institute, the Russian Academy of Sciences

117292, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Dm. Ul'yanova, 19

info@vrmsu.ru
Kim Ol'ga

Chief project architect, the Center of Cultural Studies and Inspections 

109012, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Il'inka, 4, of. 2A

ogkim@mail.ru
Moor Vyacheslav

Independent researcher

299046, Russia, g. Sevastopol', pr. Pobedy, 51

moor_v@mail.ru
Chernov Sergei Zaremovich

Doctor of History

Lead research worker, Archeology Institute, the Russian Academy of Sciences

117292, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Dm. Ul'yanova, 19

chernovsz@mail.ru
Entin Andrey

PhD in Geography

Engineer, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Cartography and Geoinformatics

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

aentin@geogr.msu.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2020.4.34701

Review date:

22-12-2020


Publish date:

29-12-2020


Abstract: The article studies a part of Moscow's historical center within Bely Gorod boundaries and is written as a part of the project aimed at creating a 3D-reconstruction of the historical landscape and the city layout in the 1760s-1770s. The authors create a map reconstructing the natural relief in the 14th century and the earth surface in the 1760s-1770s on the basis of archaeological data on the surface depth that preceded the urban life (the 14th century) as well as geological drilling data. The most difficult task was to reconstruct the landforms of the Rachka river valley which is now almost completely covered with a cultural layer. To solve this problem, the map underwent a geological and morphological examination by comparing it with the valley of the river – a natural analogue. The resulting digital reconstruction map of the river valley was verified by overlaying the buildings shown on the instrumental plans of the 18th-19th centuries and corrected. The research results are a series of schemes where the earth surface similar to that in the 14th century is shown by means of elevation contours and a separate map of the Rachka river historic bed. When comparing various materials, contradictions and inconsistencies were revealed that cannot be resolved using the data currently available, but the authors think that a detailed workflow presentation is sure to provide for completing and correcting the reconstructions presented in the article.


Keywords: Geomorphology, Soil science, archaeology, virtual reconstruction, historical landscape, Historical landforms, Urban planning, Source studies, Moscow, White City
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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