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Historical informatics
Reference:

The Ratio of Output and R&D Effectiveness in Aircraft Industry in the 20th Century. Database Statistical Analysis

Kuzmin Yurii Viktorovich

PhD in Physics and Mathematics

Lead specialist, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute

105005, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Radio, 17

ykuzmin@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2020.2.32892

Review date:

13-05-2020


Publish date:

30-07-2020


Abstract.

The article proposes to estimate the effectiveness of R&D in aircraft industry by new modifications of aircrafts emerging each year. This method is compared with other ones such as those by financial costs, labor costs and bibliometric methods. The advantages and disadvantages of this method are described. The author suggests a technique to check the completeness of raw data based on the use of an independent statistical sampling from the same general set. The author is the first to describe the dynamics of new aircraft modifications creation in the 20th century and compares this graph with that of aircraft manufacture constructed earlier by him. The research method is the statistical analysis of data on the R&D and aircraft manufacture collected by the author within a relational database. It was found that the correlation of R&D and production graphs was disrupted as early as 1910 and completely disappeared after 1930, that the huge increase in aircraft manufacture during the Second World War did not lead to an increase of new modifications and that the R&D graph is more rigid than the manufacture one responding weakly both to economic growth and recession.

Keywords: history of technology, production and development, R&D in aviation, historical databases, aircraft production, R&D, aviation history, history of industry, technology development stages, XX century
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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