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Historical informatics

Application of Geoinformational Technologies to Reconstruct and Analyze Historical Relief Surfaces

Entin Andrey

PhD in Geography

Engineer, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Cartography and Geoinformatics

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

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Abstract: The article discusses an application of geographic information systems (GIS) to virtually reconstruct the historical landscape. The reconstruction of historical land surfaces is a necessary part of this big challenge. To solve this problem one has to use different and heterogeneous spatial data, interpolate heights on the basis of different geometries. Within the frames of geographic information analysis and mapping, algorithms and methods have been developed for creating digital elevation models (DEM) - digital representations of height fields which are considered to be relatively continuous (within a certain predetermined area). The paper considers the algorithms used to interpolate heights and create DEMs, the possibilities of two-dimensional and three-dimensional visualization as well as the solution of graphical and analytical problems. The author also considers the issue of comparing various sources of spatial information (archaeological and geological surveys) using GIS technologies and takes the case of the part of Bely Gorod ("White City") of Moscow (16th-18th centuries) as an example. He has demonstrated that the area understudy is characterized by a systematic difference in the surface heights of the natural ground as evaluated from these different sources. This factor, nevertheless, does not exclude the possibility of their joint use.

Keywords: historical data analysis, historical geoinformatics, historic earth surface, overlay, digital elevation model, interpolation, isolines, GIS, geoprocessing, Bely Gorod
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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