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Digital Technologies to Reconstruct Anthropogenic Landscapes of Ancient Sindika

Malyshev Aleksey Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Head of department, Department of Scythian and Sarmatian Archeology, Institute of Archeology of the Russain Academy of Sciences

117292, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Dm. Ul'yanova, 19

maa64@mail.ru
Dryga Danila Olegovich

Leading engineer, Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography 

105064, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Gorokhovskii Per., 4

hopkuh@mail.ru
Mochalov Aleksandr Valer'evich

Specialist, Projects Department, Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography

105064, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Gorokhovskii Per., 4

al.mochalov93@gmail.com
Moor Vyacheslav Vital'evich

Free researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Lomonosovskii Prospekt, 27/4

moor_v@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2019.4.31622

Review date:

05-12-2019


Publish date:

20-12-2019


Abstract: The article describes the results of the complex archeological studies in the northern part of historical Sindika which aimed at collecting and analyzing data on the elements of the ancient anthropogenic landscape in the region. The most importantsettlement in Sindika and Bosporan State was Semibratnee Gorodishche which developed and blossomed due to the proximity to navigable Kuban' River. Two kilometers away from the gorodishche there are Bol'shie Semibratskie Burial Mounds. To search for anthropogenic relief elements photogrammetry has been used. Site aerial photography provided for the necessary information about the relief. To get more precise and better data the authors carried out high-precision geodetic ties with the help of GPS receivers which provide for getting data on the plan and height location of objects with accuracy to centimeters. Digital aerial photography allows one to capture the modern landscape which changes in the region understudy are very rapid in the last decade. The effectiveness and the speed of archaeological research increases thanks to aerial photography. One can examine bigger objects within a short time period. At the same time, photogrammetry data processing provides for the demanded precision of work while the spatial super resolution attracts the researcher's attention to objects unseen during land surveys. Collection and visualization of data in GIS provide big opportunities to structure materials. Digital environment makes it possible to tie different and time heterogeneous sources thus often allowing a researcher to locate an object and its digital reconstruction within a lost historic anthropogenic landscape.


Keywords: anthropogenic landscape, visualization, ancient settlement, photogrammetry, Bosporus state, mounds, orthophotomap, Sindica, complex research, antiquity
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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