Статья 'Инфракрасная визуализация текста в изучении памятников древнерусской письменности' - журнал 'Историческая информатика' - NotaBene.ru
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Historical informatics

Infrared Text Visualization to Study Old Russian Scripts

Lyakhovitskii Evgenii Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Head of laboratory, Laboratory of Codicology Studies and Scientific and Technical Expertise, Department of Manuscripts, Russian National Library 

191069, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Sadovaya, 18

Tsypkin Denis Olegovich

PhD in History

Associate professor, Department of History of Russian and West European Culture, History Institute of Saint-Petersburg State University 

199034, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Mendeleevskaya Liniya, 5




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Abstract: The article studies the script as a material object that is the system of traces left by a writing medium on a writing material (paper or vellum). Traces of the writing medium are a combination of a relief and a dye (for instance, ink). The text understood as a combination of such traces is characterized by different dye thickness and its chemical composition on different text structure levels. Such differences are determined by varying aspects of the writing ability and can be used to characterize it. The article aims at presenting the advantages of a new electro-optical spectrozonal examination of historical inks to study handwritten scripts. It discusses the technology of digital visualization of documents in the near-infra-red region followed by computer processing of the image. The result of the work is the main research paths to study information potential of the text as a physical object (system of traces) by means of spectrozonal visualization. These paths are the study of writing medium traces to reconstruct the system of movements and the writing technique, the finding of zones written in different time and the search for corrections.

Keywords: historical technology, inks, Old Russian Цкшештп, textology, kodikology, multispectral analyzis, spectrozonal vizualization, historical grafology, paleography, history of skills
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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