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Reference:

Home Crafts before the Russian Empire’s Fall (Three Volosts of Nizhegorodskaya Guberniya Data)
Kartashova Mariya

PhD in History

Director of Municipal Budget Cultural Instituion "Balakhna Museum Historical and Art Complex"

606400, Russia, Nizhegorodskaya oblast', g. Balakhna, ul. Tskk, 1

kmiw@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2019.4.31170

Review date:

27-10-2019


Publish date:

20-12-2019


Abstract.

The article studies home crafts as an element of peasant economy within the framework of their general state before the Russian Empire’s fall in 1917. The author examines two main aspects. These are the number of home crafts in three volosts of Nizhegorodskaya Guberniya in 1889 and 1917 as well as the use of uezd 1917 census data collations to study the state of home crafts. Emphasis is laid on 1917 census data providing for home crafts state analysis on the basis of primary data. The author statistically analyzes the state of home crafts in three volosts (micro analysis) and cartographically analyzes the state of home crafts in the Russian Empire considering uezd 1917 census data collations (macro analysis). The main conclusions are as follows. Firstly, by the summer of 1917 not all home crafts but male ones (especially metalwork) had been in depression. Secondly, the uezd 1917 census data are a non-reliable source to study home crafts. The main author’s contribution is the introduction of 1917 census primary data (household cards for three volosts of Nizhegorodskaya Guberniya) into scientific discourse. The research novelty is the comparison of home crafts state within 28 year period from 1889 to 1917 that provided for portraying the state of home crafts in the last year of the Russian Empire.

Keywords: Balakhna district, First world war, statistical analysis, handicraftsman, handicrafts, All-Russian Agricultural Census, Nizhny Novgorod province, Russian empire, Gorbatov County, lace industry
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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