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Reference:

Interregional Payments of Oryol Commercial Bank in the Second Half of the 19th Century: Net Analysis

Salomatina Sof'ya

PhD in History

Associate Professor, Section of Historical Informatics, History Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonovskii prospekt, d. 27, korp. 4, of. G423

ssalomatina@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Garskova Irina Markovna

Doctor of History

Associate professor, Department of Hisotical Information Science, History Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii prospekt, d. 7, korp. 4, of. G423

irina.garskova@gmail.com
Valetov Timur Yakubovich

PhD in History

Associate professor, Department of Historical Information Science, History Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii prospekt, d. 27, korp. 4, of. G423

valetov@gmail.com

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2019.4.31020

Review date:

10-10-2019


Publish date:

20-12-2019


Abstract.

The article studies commodity-money flows in the Central Black Earth Region in the second half of the 19th century. To do this Network and geoinformation analysis are applied to the statistics of interregional payments of the Oryol Commercial Bank in 1874–1901. These statistics characterize, firstly, bank clients’ payments related to commodity sales to other regions (goods secured loan payments and bill discounting payments) and, secondly, clients’ payments for goods from other regions (transfers with locations stated). The network structure and geography of these commodity-money flows were analyzed in detail at three time points: 1874, the initial period, economically favorable for the region; 1885, the economic crisis in the area; and 1901, the last year when such payment statistics were published. The article concludes that commodity-money flows of the Central Black Earth Region served by the Oryol Commercial Bank were directed towards westward commodity railway exports. Initially it was Riga and Koenigsberg and by 1901 - many other settlements in western regions and along the western border of the Russian Empire near the railway. Backward commodity-money flows related to the import of goods into the Central Black Earth Region came from all the principal commercial and industrial centers of the Russian Empire. Such a commodity exchange model correlates well with the agricultural specificity of the Central Black Earth Region.

Keywords: Black Earth Region, Russian Empire, agriculture, agricultural trade, commodity-money flows, interregional payments, joint-stock commercial banks, statistical analysis, network analysis, geoinformation analysis
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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