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Historical informatics
Reference:

Computer 3D Reconstruction of Antique and Medieval Chersonesus Taurica: Results, Problems and Prospects

Khapaev Vadim

PhD in History

Associtate professor of History and International Relations Department at MSU Branch in Sevastopol, Lomonosov Moscow State University 

299011, Russia, Sevastopol', g. Sevastopol', ul. Gogolya, 7, kv. 11

khapaev007@mail.ru
Batsura Igor'

The Head of Archeological Monuments Conservation Sector at FGBUK "The State Historical and Archeological Museum-Preserve "Chersonesus Taurica"  

299045, Russia, Sevastopol', g. Sevastopol', ul. Drevnyaya, 1

aristarh@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2018.4.28489

Review date:

23-12-2018


Publish date:

07-01-2019


Abstract.

The article studies history and archeology of ancient and medieval Chersonesus via its computer reconstruction. The authors are a group including a historian, an archeologist, an architect, a painter and a computer graphics designer. Two periods have been reconstructed. These are the beginning of the New Era and the 10th century. The source base of reconstruction are materials of archaeological reports, photographs, drawings, plans and schemes of archaeological monuments of Chersonesus, materials of topographical survey. The research methods are a historical and typological method to accompany 3D reconstruction of different buildings and structures and a method of analogs to create variants of building/structure reconstruction since some building and structures are badly preserved and this hinders reconstruction. The research novelty is the fact that is the first complex computer 3D reconstruction of Chersonesus. It is the first time when all buildings and structures (earlier 2D reconstructed) have been 3D reconstructed. The authors are the first to propose and substantiate a graphical reconstruction of a two-storied basilica, reconstruct the south-west part of the defensive wall completely destroyed by construction works at the end of the 19th century. The article concludes that a complex 3D reconstruction of an archeological site is of both a research and an applied importance as it provides for determining characteristics of buildings and structures and promoting an archeological object, creating movie projects and illustrating books.
The efficiency of a combination of computer programs such as SketchUp, 3DMax and Google-Earth online service has been proven.

Keywords: defensive wall, basilica, archeology, computer reconstruction, 3D modeling, Cherson, Chersonese, ancient theater, insula, temple
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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