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Historical informatics
Reference:

Document Resources of Foreign Archives in the Internet: Electronic Finding Aid (Part One)

Yumasheva Yuliya Yurijevna

Doctor of History

Yumasheva Yuliya Yuryevna – Deputy Director of "DIMI-CENTER"

105264, Russia, g. Moscow, bul. Izmailovskii, 43

Juliayu@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2018.2.26554

Review date:

08-06-2018


Publish date:

02-08-2018


Abstract.

The article reviews information retrieval systems (IRS, electronic catalogs, databases) developed and submitted on the Internet by foreign archives on the basis of information from their finding aids. The author has identified and analyzed a complex of portals (sites) of archival institutions (over 200) among which special attention was paid to the study and analysis of 87 archive information retrieval systems of 68 countries in Europe, North and South America, Asia, Latin America and Australia. The review uses two classical methods of historical research: the historical-comparative method and the historical-typological method which allowed the author, on the one hand, to compare the content and functionality of archival IRS and, on the other hand, to outline their typology. The topicality of the review is the introduction of a complex of foreign archival Internet resources of reference nature into scientific discourse with the aim to expand the potential source base of national historical science by introducing new information about documents stored in foreign archives. Taking into account the variability of the Internet environment, each new publication of annotated IRS descriptions is sure to be somewhat new.

Keywords: archives, inventories, scientific reference device, databases, electronic catalog, information retrieval system, archival description, electronical copies, standard of description, online publications
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Vmeste s tem zarubezhnye arkhivisty vse chashche priznayut nesostoyatel'nost' i nepolnotu standartov ISAD(G) i EAD. K primeru, v seredine 1990-kh ‒ 2000-kh gg. Obshchestvom amerikanskikh arkhivistov (Society of American Archivists (SAA)) i proektom SNAC (Social Networks and Archival Context), realizuemym pod patronazhem NARA, v sodruzhestve s kanadskimi arkhivistami i spetsialistami Berlinskoi biblioteki byl razrabotan i predlozhen k ispol'zovaniyu novyi standart EAC‒CPF (Encoded Archival Context for Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families), kotoryi predstavlyaet soboi XML-skhemu dlya zapisi o korporativnykh organizatsiyakh, litsakh i sem'yakh. V 2011 g. Tekhnicheskii komitet Obshchestva dal ofitsial'nyi start shirokoi aprobatsii standarta, kotoryi rassmatrivaetsya kak osnova dlya postroeniya novoi «natsional'noi infrastruktury avtoritetnykh arkhivnykh failov» («National Archival Authority Infrastructure»).
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ScopeArvive (razrabotchik – Scope solutions ag (http://www.scope.ch/en)) – informatsionnaya sistema (baza dannykh), prednaznachennaya dlya upravleniya gibridnymi dokumentami i khraneniya tsifrovykh (born-digital) dokumentov. ScopeArchive okhvatyvaet vse arkhivnye tekhnologii i biznes-protsessy: ot komplektovaniya do ispol'zovaniya arkhivnykh dokumentov. Programmnoe obespechenie postroeno na osnove standarta OAIS i pozvolyaet osushchestvlyat' peredachu-priem elektronnykh dokumentov na postoyannoe arkhivnoe khraneniya (na osnove ISO 20652:2006 (CCSDS 651.0-B-1:2004) Space data and information transfer systems – Producer-archive interface – Methodology abstract standard). Programmnoe obespechenie sootvetstvuet mezhdunarodnym standartam ISAD(G), ISAAR (CPF), ISDIAH, ISDF i standartam metadannykh EAD, Dublin Core i PREMIS. Sistema lokalizovana na angliiskii, nemetskii i frantsuzskii yazyki.
12.
Abkhilekh – sanskritskii termin, ispol'zuemyi v Indii s drevnikh vremen dlya oboznacheniya rukopisei (zapisei); Patal – sanskritskii termin dlya oboznacheniya doski, platformy ili poverkhnosti. Ispol'zuetsya kak akronim, oboznachayushchii veb-portal dostupa k arkhivam i obucheniyu.
13.
V Rossiiskoi Federatsii sushchestvuet analog etogo proekta – opublikovannoe na saite Rossiiskoi Natsional'noi biblioteki Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii (1649–1913 gg.) (http://nlr.ru/e-res/law_r/search.php).
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