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The Reference Database of Symbols for Historical Maps: General Concept, Methodology and Application
Grishin Evgen

Specialist, Federal State Budget Institution "Gidrospetsgeologiya"

 4, ul. Marshala Rybalko, g. Moscow, Moskovskaya oblast',  Russia, 123060

bibliosof-info@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The study aims at unifying the technique of historical mapping and creating a database of symbols for historical maps and geoinformation systems. The author substantiates the advantages of a general symbol set to simplify the reading of cartographic materials and formation of a uniform standard to improve interaction between specialists. Basing on a variety of examples from atlases and cartographic materials the author analyzes historical map legends. He finds optimum solutions providing for the choice of symbols and legend structuring. Comparative method is used. The author examines the existing lists of standardized symbols in other domains of cartography and compares different situations of legend formation in historical mapping. Chronological approach is employed as well to demonstrate the association of map structure complexity with higher requirements to legends. The main research value of the article is the formulation of methodological and technological grounds providing for creation of uniform database of historical map symbols. It is the first attempt to move forward within a sector of historical mapping which somewhat lacked previous base. The article presents the general structure of the reference symbol database, its main resources, the ways of its seeding as well as the algorithm of electronic symbol database creation as a full value tool to form historical maps and geoinformation systems. 

Keywords: mapping technique, conventional signs, Toolkit, GIS, historical cartography, reference base of conventional signs, map legend, catalog of signes, unification, graphic variables

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2018.1.25698

Article was received:

13-03-2018


Review date:

12-03-2018


Publish date:

21-04-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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