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Revolution in the Internet: Self-Organized Criticality Theory to Study Protest Movements

Zhukov Dmitry Sergeevich

PhD in History

Associate professor, Derzhavin Tambov State University

of. 316,  33,  Internatsional'naya ul., Tambov, Tambovskaya oblast', Russia, 392000

Другие публикации этого автора

Lyamin Sergey Konstantinovich

PhD in History

Associate professor, Derzhavin Tambov State University

33  Internatsional'naya ul., Tambov, Tambovskaya oblast', Russia, 392000

Другие публикации этого автора




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Abstract: The article gives an example of the way self-organized criticality (SOC) theory can be used to study a number of nonlinear effects in social media, protest movement sharp rises in particular. The authors describe the key ideas of the SOC theory and methods to identify pink noise as a SOC attribute. The research object is an associated total of Facebook communities which lent informational and organizational support to the impeachment of Brazil’s president Dilma Rousseff. Chronological frames of the work is January 2015 – august 2016. It has been shown that net activity of some communities understudy was a pink noise within a number of periods. SOC systems can demonstrate explosive activity increase that is the inner potential of systems for self-destruction and/or qualitative transformation. The protest social network studied had key features to generate informational avalanches – fast and big explosions of information creation, transmission and copying. The authors name facts supporting the idea that SOC advent in the nets is caused by mass street actions (violent as well). One parameter of the numerical series studied is a power law factor which can be indicative for network diagnostics, in particular, for revealing their potential for spontaneous informational avalanches.

Keywords: non-linear effects, self-organized criticality, pink noise, avalanches, protests, Facebook communities, Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, impeachment, social networks
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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