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Historical informatics
Reference:

Earning Capacity of Russian Empire Homecrafts in the Late 19th - Early 20th Centuries
Kartashova Mariya

PhD in History

Director of Municipal Budget Cultural Instituion "Balakhna Museum Historical and Art Complex"

606400, Russia, Nizhegorodskaya oblast', g. Balakhna, ul. Tskk, 1

kmiw@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0891.2017.1.21938

Review date:

11-02-2017


Publish date:

20-05-2017


Abstract.

The object of the study is craftsmen's incomes. Territorial frames cover the whole of the Russian Empire including the central guberniyas, the Asian part of Russia, the Caucasus, the Kingdom of Poland and Finland. The study addressed groups of occupations and territories. The author examines in detail the earning capacity of farms in Kaluzhskaya, Vologodskaya and Voronezhskaya guberniyas accounting for budget survey data. At the second stage of the study the author employed the database "Home Crafts  of the Russian Empire" created on the basis of unpublished and published sources. The database includes 7 tables and over 10 thousand records and informs about incomes of craftsmen in relation to a handicraft type.The author employs such statistical methods as factor analysis and correlation software in MS Excel and SPSS Statistics. Microsoft Access DBMS is analyzed.It is the first time when the earning capacity of homecrafts has been studied to cover the whole territory of the Russian Empire. In contrast to income in kind characteristic of agriculture, homecrafts could boast cash income. Homecraft income was not directly related to the size of a peasant's ploughed area. The biggest homecraft income was in Finland, the Kingdom of Poland and Turkestan. High incomes were among craftsmen in the Caucasus and Yakutskaya Oblast. The conclusion is the low earning capacity of home crafts, their close relationship with agriculture and stability of multifunctional farms. These are the farms Stolypin's reforms placed stake on.

Keywords: craftsman, statistical method, correlation analysis, database, factor analysis, earning capacity, farm, budget surveys, homecrafts, the Russian Empire
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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