Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Historical memory"
Historical memory
Lyutov E.E. - Course and peculiarities of the military engagement in foothills of Krymsk, Abinsk, and Novorossiysk districts of Krasnodar Krai during the period of August 18, 1942 – September 20, 1943 pp. 15-24

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.3.22099

Abstract: The object of this research is the battle of the Caucasus that as one of the largest in scale and military-political significance battles of the Great Patriotic War. The subject of this research is the character and course of the military engagement in foothills of Krymsk, Abinsk, and Novorossiysk districts of Krasnodar Krai over the period of 1942-1943. The chronological framework of the article capture the period from August 18, 1942 until September 20, 1943, as well as include the defensive (August 18 – December 31 of 1942) and offensive (January 1 – September 20 of 1943) periods of the military engagement of Soviet troops. The scientific novelty consists in the detailed examination of the insignificantly studied direction in the context of the battle of the Caucasus as a whole, and Novorossiysk defensive operation in particular. The article presents the key episodes of military actions of the defensive and offensive periods, as well as gives description to the regions and coordinates where it took place. The author determines the main positive and negative moments of the impact of human factor and natural conditions upon the success of the military operations of Soviet troops in the claimed time frame. The materials of this work are relevant for implementation in the educational process of the universities of Krasnodar Krai for general and specialized lectures on the Russian History, Kuban studies, and other adjacent disciplines.
Tinyakova E.A. - How the sorrow and joy reflect the historical moods in Russian traditional folk culture pp. 69-83

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.17603

Abstract: The object of this research is the historical moods that can be captured and sensed in various forms of the Russian traditional culture, mostly in storytelling and folk songs. Sorrow and joy are the two opposite historical moods, multipliable in their variations. The context of the Russian traditional culture is aimed at mass historical consciousness in presentation and capturing of the events and personalities. The research rises a question: how the mentality of the Russian traditional population was affected by the lengthy serfdom; how does the folk culture reflect the living conditions of the people during serfdom; is serfdom is the only primary cause of the polarity of historical mentality of the collective consciousness. The methodology of this research refers to the use of the archive source of Kursk governorate, because it contains bright illustrations regarding the existence of the serfdom. This article is a part of the author’s thesis – “The Specificity of Historical Method in Perception of Personalities and Events within the Russian Traditional Folk Culture”. The historical content of the Russian traditional culture is notable by the fact that it is based on the people’s collective consciousness, which was applied during the different historical periods, in other words, sorrow and joy travel through centuries with the flow of history.
Shchuplenkov N.O. - Military traditions in the continuity of education of the younger generation in the Russian emigration pp. 77-103

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.2.14125

Abstract: The article deals with the organization of patriotic activity in the cadet corps of the Russian abroad of 1920–1930, the role of Russian officers in the transfer of military traditions to the younger generation. The historical continuity of the Russian military education in the new historical conditions. Consolidation of the Russian diaspora in the preservation and formation of patriotic feelings. The desire of teachers and cadets not only maintain but also to enrich and expand, to give relevance and preserve for future generations the traditions and customs that existed in pre-revolutionary Russia.Retrospective method allows you to restore the historical space, against which there was a process of formation of military education in exile.The study showed that in emigration, especially when young people desperately needed in the development of patriotism and pride in the great past of the Fatherland, a military tradition, loyalty to the homeland and military duty could give them a foundation on which to build the whole person, ready to save and augment scarce resource with a Russian emigration.
Lysenkov S.G. - No one is forgotten, nothing is forgotten: to the question about the record of Red Army’s battle losses and rendering military salute to the fallen during the Great Patriotic War pp. 144-157

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2017.7.23285

Abstract: The subject of this research is the legal grounds of organization of the record of irreparable losses of Red Army’s military personnel during the Great Patriotic War. The article reveals the peculiarities of recording the killed and missed in action, dead from injuries and diseases, as well as servicemen executed by shooting under the sentence of military tribunals and taken as prisoners by the adversary. The goal of the work consists in objective analysis of the normative legal acts regulating the organization of personal record and burial of the deceased military personnel, as well as their implementation under the war circumstances. The article is first to reveal the earlier uncovered questions within the Russian juridical literature. An attempt is made to analyze the normative legal acts of the Great Patriotic War time until the present stage that are inaccessible for the broad range of scholars. The authentic archive documents are introduced into the scientific discourse. Examination of the new sources allowed the author framing a representation on a number of little-studied issues of the military reality associated with the organization of record of the irreparable losses of the acting army and rendering military salute to the fallen during the Great Patriotic War.
Tsygankov A.S. - Historical memory about Tsaritsyn in the Soviet and post-Soviet processes of commemoration pp. 500-507

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.15691

Abstract: This article presents the analysis of the processes of commemoration of the historical memory about the city of Tsaritsyn, which were carried out on the territory of Volgograd during the Soviet and post-Soviet eras. Based on the results of examination of various monuments – the results of the commemoration processes – dedicated to the history of Tsaritsyn – it is stated that there is a genetic correlation between the processes of commemoration and the perceptions on the nature of the history. During the Soviet time, which was dominated by the perception on the linearity of historical timeline and its progress, the history of Tsaritsyn integrated into the Soviet history after the October Revolution. As the result of this research, the author reveals that the working memory of the residents contains mostly the memories on the Battle of Stalingrad, which determines the historical value. During the post-Soviet time, existed the practice of conversion of the memory about the Red Tsaritsyn from accumulative into working memory mode, which greatly depended on the opportunity that was presented by the historical metanarrative. Due to rejection of the metanarrative, the memory on the pre-revolutionary Tsaritsyn could not be referred to as memory-trauma about the sacral battle, which led to the “breach” of the historical memory.
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