Genesis: Historical research - rubric Historical sources and artifacts
Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Historical sources and artifacts"
Historical sources and artifacts
Tikhonov V.V. - '... To Batter Down the Final Nail in the Coffin of Isaak Mintz and His Henchmen': Destruction of the Historian Isaak Mintz's Group During the Years of Ideological Campaigns of 'Late Stalinism' pp. 1-28

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2013.2.701

Abstract: The article is devoted to the destruction of so called 'Mintz- Razgon - Gorodetsky' group as part of ideological campaigns during the years of 'late Stalinism'. The author of the article focuses his attention on the opposition between historians A. Sidorov and I. Mintz during the years of struggle against 'rootless cosmopolitism'. Analyzing a wide range of scientific works many of which have never been discussed in Russian science before, the author of the article shows the influence of the campaign on historical studies. The author describes the main cause of the opposition between I. Mintz and A. Sidorov and makes a conclusion that the fight for influence over academic community was an important element of ideological campaigns back in those times. Based on the example of E. Gorodetsky, the author makes a conclusion that the campaign made part of the intelligentsia to review their values and to assume an anti-Stalin position.
Golovin S.A. - Was Ivan the Terrible poisoned? Comprehension of the chemical research results of the remains of the Czar from necropolises of the Ascension Cathedral and Cathedral of the Archangel of the Moscow Kremlin pp. 1-23

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.2.25249

Abstract: The contemporary Russian historiography (1990-2000’s) marks the emergence of a number of scientific works that from the perspective of modern scientific data and political preferences defend the paradigmatic version on poisoning of the Russian Czar Ivan IV. The supporters of this hypothesis considerably lean on the results of chemical research of the remains from grand ducal necropolises of the Moscow Kremlin, which showed a high concentration of diverse heavy metals in them. The goal of this article consists in comprehension of the results of chemical expertise of the Czar’s remains from the necropolises of the Kremlin. The research is based on the method of statistical analysis, using the comparative-historical and retrospective methods. The conclusion on conscious poisoning of the Czar Ivan IV, formulated on the basis of significant concentration of mercury and arsenic in his remains, seems unsubstantiated. The statistical analysis argues the newly suggested in the contemporary Russian historiography version (2003-2006) on the conscious poisoning of the Czar Ivan IV and his sons, within the framework of which the conclusions of the Commission (1963-1966) are considered inaccurate.
Loshchilova T.N. - Gravures of Sebastien Leclerc from the medals of Henry IV as a historical source pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.3.29372

Abstract: The object of this research is the gravures of the engraver of Louis XIV Sebastien Leclerc (1637-1714), which represent the etchings from the medals of French kings of the XV-XVII centuries and particularly the time of Henry IV, reflecting the main trends of royal power during this period. Currently the gravures are preserved in the Municipal Library of Lyon. The subject of this research is the inner and outer criticism of the source that determined its significance for studying the image of power created during the reign of the first Bourbons. The main focus is made on the inner criticism of the source. Giving a brief characteristics to the etchings of medals, as well as the symbols and interpretation of the depicted events, the author comes to a conclusion that the gravures can fill the gaps in our vision of evolution of the representation of power, as a single place gathers the etchings of numerous and somewhat exclusive for a researcher medals. A brief analysis of the depicted in gravures medals allows concluding on the systematically conducted policy of popularization of the new royal Dynasty of Bourbons not only through opinion journalism, but also the artistic images created within the lifetime of Henry IV and after his decease, which subsequently predetermined the formation of myth about the “Good King Henry, as well as emphasize the importance of studying of such historical source as the medals and etchings, undeservingly neglected by the national researchers.
Korovchinskiy I. - To the question of the meaning of words τοῦ ἡμιολίου in economic inscriptions of Ai-Khanoum pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.8.32347

Abstract: The subject of this research is the inscriptions 117 and 119 from Ai-Khanoum (Greco-Bactria, II century BC) according to numeration Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum (Part 2, Volume 1). It is very likely that they represent two copies of the same text, which survived in two variations. The goal of this work is to determine the meaning of words τοῦ ἡμιολίου appearing in these inscriptions, as well as the overall meaning of the inscriptions, the understanding of which depends on interpretation of these words. Relevance of such research is substantiated by the fact that the survived written sources on the economy of Greco-Bactria are extremely brief and fragmentary, therefore every single word matters for the scholars. The comparison of inscriptions of Al-Khanoum with the papyri of Zenon Archive is carried out for the first time. The papyri under consideration contain a range of textual parallels with the reviewed Greco-Bactrian inscriptions. It is concluded that based on the analogies from the mentioned Egyptian texts, the words τοῦ ἡμιολίου (verbatim “one and a half” in the genitive) are direct object to the words ἀπὸ κεραμίων δύο (“out of two amphorae”) and indicate pouring olive oil over from one amphora and half of another amphora. The author provides a new translation of the unified text of inscriptions 117 and 118. The field of application of the presented materials is the source studies of ancient world, economic history of Greco-Bactria, Hellenistic world and ancient world.
Shubin V.I. - Greek mercenaries in Sais Egypt pp. 12-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.4.32577

Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the history of emergence of Greek mercenaries during the riling time of XXVI Sais Dynasty. The author reviews the status and role of Greek mercenaries in the armed forced of Sais rulers, organization of their service and living conditions. Considering the fact that the use of Greek mercenaries in Egypt army was a part of the traditional policy of Sais rulers and carried mass character, the author refers to the problem  of social origin of the phenomenon of mercenarism in the Greek society of Archaic era. The research applies comparative-historical method that allows viewing the phenomenon of mercenarism in the historical context – based on the comparative data analysis of ancient written tradition. By the time of Sais Dynasty, control over regions that traditionally provided mercenaries to the Egypt army was lost. Under the circumstances, in order to compensate such losses, Egypt conscripted into military service the hailed from the Greek world. Mercenaries became the first Greeks settled on the Egyptian land. The conclusion is made that the Greek colonization, in absence of other ways to enter the formerly closed to the Greeks Egypt, at its initial stage manifested in such distinct form.
Shiller V.V. - Metric books as the source on genealogy and demography of Jewish community of Mariinsky district of Tomsk Governorate (late XIX early XX century) pp. 38-51

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.2.29216

Abstract: The object of this research is the metric books of the Synagogue of the city of Mariinsk and Mariinsky district of Tomsk Governorate, which represent a natural sampling and contain cumulative data that reflect demographic processes in Jewish community of the late XIX – early XX century. The subject of this research is the external and internal criticism with delineation of information gaps and determination of limits in exploitation of the data for genealogical and demographic reconstructions. Focus is made on the internal criticism of the source, correlating the extent and quality of filling in the metric books with a particular Jewish scholar of Rabbi, their level of education and command of the Russian language. The author concludes that the metric books of Mariinsk Synagogue of Tomsk Governorate also have distortions and information gaps inherent to all historical sources. In the context of genealogical reconstruction, a researcher will inevitably face the incompleteness of data due to the partial absence of separate pages that contain the data alongside the peculiarities of filling in the metric books. In assessing the demographic processes, the marriage and death data, due to the high level of representativity will provide the appropriate results, while the birth data will not be able to do the same, due to the low representativity of data that survived.
Biahun R. - Maps of Minsk of the late XVIII early XIX century as the sources on social topography of the city pp. 39-59

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.3.32406

Abstract: This article examines the maps of Minsk of the late XVIII – early XIX century as the sources on social topography of the city. Socio-topographic approach in history implies combining topographic data and social research. City maps have been traditionally viewed as the sources for reconstructing urban topography. However, they often contain valuable data on population of the city, thus it is suggested viewing the maps of Minsk as the carriers of two types of information – topographic and social. Having prepared a review of twenty city maps, the author demonstrates the context of their emergence and provides brief description. The importance of city maps for reconstruction of its topography is underlined. Bases on studying the cartographic content of maps, the author reproduces the image of Minsk of the late XVIII – early XIX; determines the records on social characteristics of urban population. The meaning of cartographic sources for examination of social topography of Minsk is defined.
Orfinskaya O.V. - Technological research of omophorion and belt of the XVIII century from Vologda State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve pp. 65-96

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.5.25188

Abstract: The object of this research is the archeological textile of the XVIII century, which is preserved in the funds of Vologda State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve. Two fragments of an omophorion and a belt, after having been extracted from the grave were poorly preserved. For their storage and potential exposition, the museum had to conduct restoration works. The modern scientific restoration implies the research practices that allow selecting the proper methods of restoration works, as well as refine the system of sewing garments, fabric ornaments, and the structure of textile interlacing; often it is possible to reconstruct the shape and color of the examined object. For determination of the ultimate composition of golden embroidery threads, was applies the method of X-ray fluorescence spectral analysis. The research was conducted in the department of restoration of leather and archeological textile (Head of the department N. P. Sinitsyn) of the Grabar Russian Art and Research Restoration Center. The main goal of this publication consists in introduction into the scientific discourse of the new artefact with precise daring and reference to a specific historical figure. Such research must be performed on all museum objects; therefore, the author provides the scheme and key directions in the area of examination and restoration of textile.
Kosov I.M. - Rhetorical functions of bestiary in Giraldus Cambrensis "Topography of Ireland" (according to manuscript of the year 1200) pp. 97-109

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.5.20836

Abstract: The subject of this research is the body of miniatures of the NLI MS Giraldus 700manuscript. The object is the rhetorical tools and ways of amplification of the visual text of images of the authorial manuscript in the third version of “Topography…” into the semantic layer of stylistic of the presented treatise of the late XII century. Special attention is given to the classification and typology of miniatures in the Russian and foreign historiography. The researcher specifies the typology of the studied manuscript and its place within the tradition of the English bestiary of the High Middle Ages. The scientific novelty of this work consists in exclusion from the selection of lists of the non-contemporary to the author source – “Topography of Ireland”. In other words, based on such depicted rhetorical tools, the stylistic and rhetorical method of the medieval scribe – the logic in-phase is vividly restored. An important practical result of the conduced analysis of the miniatures will be consciousness within the framework of comparativist approach of the archetype nature of synchrony of the visual and written text as such over the period of III – XII centuries.
Danilova V. - Plutarch and political practice of the I-II centuries AD pp. 99-110

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.8.28935

Abstract: The subject of this research is the reflection in Plutarch’s political treatises of the contemporary to him political practice. The author proves that Plutarch’s political thought was not just theoretical, aimed solely towards the past and deflected from modernity. The article examines the advices given by Plutarch to the Greek politicians along with the examples of contemporary political events cited in his political writings. Attention is given to Plutarch’s political activity with regards to his native city Chaeronea and province of Achaea, as well as Plutarch’s attitude to Rome. The article analyzes the five political treatises from the collection “Moralia”. The author applies the linguistic analysis in the original language and quantitative analysis for the treatise “How to Manage the Affairs of State”. The ideas of Plutarch correspond to his lifestyle and level of political activity. The author’s contribution lies in introduction of the materials that have not been published in the Russian language. In the course of this study, the author determines the classical and modern qualities of an ideal politician. The article describes Plutarch’s dual stance on the dependence of Greece from Rome, as well as how should the Greek politician conduct himself towards Roman power. It is revealed that the philosophers must play an active role in politics, in particular, positively influence the rulers, and develop their virtues. The research results are valuable for studying the ancient political thought, as well as relevant for the contemporary politicians, especially from in moral aspect.
Tarasova N. - Documentation of control process over carrying out management decisions in the work of party organization on the regional level during 1970s 1980s pp. 101-111

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.6.32952

Abstract: The author meticulously examines the aspects of documentation of control process s over carrying out management decisions in the work of party organization on the regional level during 1970s – early 1980s. Emphasis is made on the record management aspects of control over carrying out management decisions within party structures on the basis of archival material of Rostov and Sverdlovsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The article reviews control functions of the department of the Central Committee and Regional Committee of CPSU, requirements to formulations and procedures of documentation of control over execution of decrees, and flaws detected during inspection. The special contribution of the authors consists in studying the procedures of documentation of management decisions of party organization that did not receive due coverage by the researchers, as well as in introduction into the scientific discourse of archival sources, which views party documentation as a peculiar system, which specifics is reflected in the content of documents and documentation procedures and differentiates it from the national documentation system of that period. Documentation of control process over management decision-making in the party organization is described.
Yankovskaya M.S. - Paris and Exposition Universelle of 1889 in perception of the Russian journalists pp. 110-116

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2017.10.24122

Abstract:  The subject of this research is the impressions of Paris experienced by the Russian journalists during their visit of the Exposition Universelle in 1889. Attention is focused in the cross-cultural dialogue between France and Russia right before concluding the military-political alliance. The history of the world expositions can be viewed as a mirror of international politics that also reflects the peculiarities of mentality and domestic policy of the member-states. In the course of the research, the author applied the methods of internal and external criticism, as well as extensively used the interdisciplinary approach, elements of statistical analysis, culturological and art methods. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the world expositions are the manifestation of mass visual culture. These are the most accessible forms for cognizing the culture of other countries intelligible for the extensive audience, which gradually substitute the exclusive culture. In addition, the novelty is associated with the methodology of imagological studies, namely consideration of the mutual representations and stereotypes of perception.   
Trifanova S.V., Soenov V.I. - Bone ornaments among Altai population of HunnoSarmatian period pp. 110-123

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.12.28417

Abstract:  This article is dedicated to the results of examination of bone ornaments from the Altai cultural heritage of Hunno–Sarmatian period as the information source on the material and spiritual culture of population. More than 300 of archeological findings out of nine necropolises and a hillfort, collected in Altai over the year by the authors and other scholars, serve as the material for this research. Particular attention is given to the results of study of the more popular artefacts: bone beads, shell badges, animal tooth and claw necklaces. The article is based on the systemic approach and principle of historicism. The authors apply the methods of morphological analysis of the varieties of bone ornaments, as well as reconstruction of manufacturing process. This category of inventory allows acquiring information on the types of economic activity of the population, as well as the outlook upon social phenomena and relations. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that there is no special studies dedicated to examination of bone ornaments of Altai population of Hunno–Sarmatian period and their classification; the unpublished collections presented by the items from the tombs Ayrydash-1, Stepshka-2 and Top-Uimon are introduced into the scientific discourse. It is concluded that the bone-carving art was one of the well-developed branches of the local craftwork due to availability of materials that were mostly the remains from consuming the meat of wild and domestic animals. 
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