Genesis: Historical research
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Interdisciplinary research
Samokhina N.E. - Shambhala: Myth or Historical Mystery? pp. 1-33
Abstract: The present article is devoted to one of the most mysterious concepts in Eastern history and philosophy -  the concept of Shambhala. Is it just a myth or is Shambhala not only a myth but also a hidden historical reality? In the XIX-XX centuries that ancient Indian concept was reinterpreted in the teachings of Theosophy and Agni Yoga by E. Blavatsky and the Roerich family. There have been debates regarding philosophical ideas that were introduced to the world culture by Blavatsky and the Roerich. The present article provides a comprehensive analysis of the facts relating to the legendary spiritual abode of the East; the facts demonstrate that the allegations of the real existence of Shambhala could be a reality.
Yanik A.A. - Problems of Studying Russian History of the Late XXth - Early XXIst Centuries and Opportunities of Modern Digital Technologies pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.1.13803

Abstract: The subject of the research is the prospects of using modern digital technologies for solving theoretical, methodological and practical issues of studying Russian history of the late XXth - early XXIst centuries. The author of the article examines different challenges caused by the insufficient number of exploratory theories, contradictions in the databases, general crisis of theoretical grounds of history and etc. The author demonstrates opportunities of digital technologies to increase the quality of history researches of the recent past. Special attetion is paid to the questions of interpretability of results of quantitative researches. To achieve the research objectives, the author has applied the methods of the information theory, systems theory, analysis, synthesis, systematisation, comparative-historical, logical and other scientific methods. The main conclusion made by the author is that it would be certainly useful to create major information analytical platforms and digital research infrastructure in general to develop interdisciplinary researches in the field of history of modern Russia and improve scientific attitudes to that historical period. The author also defines the objective and subjective factors influencing the quality of researches in the field of Russian history of the late XXth - early XXIst centuries. For the first time in the academic literature the author points out the need for an 'impact-oriented' approach when developing and implementing resource intensive projects. 
Markhanova T.F. - The establishment of the central government during the ruling of the Emperor Wen of Sui pp. 23-28

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.5.20835

Abstract:  This article examines the structure of the government administration during the ruling of the Emperor Wen of Sui. This topic was not yet been studied in the Russian historiography. The goal of this work is to fill this gap and characterize the establishment of the central government of the Sui dynasty based on the Chinese sources and Western-European literature. The works of Arthur Wright and Victor Sui Cunrui, who thoroughly studied the Sui period, are being introduced into the scientific discourse. The system of government structure and bureaucratic apparatus in feudal China were formed based on the experience acquired in ancient times, taking the roots in the ideas of Confucius. The idea of centralization of power lied in the foundation of establishment of the government administration. The scientific novelty is defined by the subject of the research. The author is first to analyze the structure, composition, and tasks of the central government bodies of the period of Sui dynasty, as well as lists the names of the officials who were in charge. It is demonstrated that during the ruling of the Sui dynasty, there had been created a powerful bureaucratic apparatus that strengthened the centralizes power; and thus, such administrative structure becomes the political heritage for the Tang dynasty (618-907), which was the pinnacle of the medieval Chinese Empire.  
Buchatskii I.V. - Questions of Using Modern Digitical Technologies for Preservation and Processing of 'Big Historical Data' pp. 44-74

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2014.6.13610

Abstract: Development of "the digital humanities" led (Digital Humanities) to understanding of limitation of traditional information technologies for storage and processing of historical data (in particular, mechanisms of relational DBMS). Plurality and a variety of historical sources, explosive growth of volumes of new data, including in a cluster of the social humanities, put in the forefront a problem of increase of efficiency of processing of scientific information in the distributed digital environment. These questions were investigated in relation to the tasks which arose in the course of implementation of the project on creation on the Internet of the interdisciplinary information and analytical platform "History of Modern Russia". The theory of information systems, the theory of databases were applied to the solution of research tasks, system, comparative, formal and logical and other scientific methods. The assessment of prospects of use of concrete technologies of modern programming at creation of information platforms in the field of the digital humanities is given. Key characteristics of the most effective technological decisions allowing to provide expansion of scales and increase in productivity of the operating History of Modern Russia platform for work with "big data" are formulated. The conclusion is drawn on expediency of application of NoSQL – decisions, language of the scenarios Pig Latin and a platform of the distributed calculations of Apache Hadoop MapReduce.
Kleshchev D.S. - Mathematics of Harmony and diversity of the Universe pp. 50-107
Abstract: The author examines the complex of problems related to the history and philosophy of science, brings up the topic of the campaign against the “bourgeois pseudo-science” in the Soviet period and the problem of its outcome, which shows up in the methodology of the national science. The author gives a review of the scientific “Mathematics of Harmony” tendency, which originated in the classical scientific paradigm and has found a new perspective in the works of mathematician Stakhov A.P. and researchers, united by him in the foreign states.
Buyanov S.S. - Prospects of Using 3D-Technology for Developing Information Analytical Platform 'History of Modern Russia' pp. 75-97

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2014.6.13674

Abstract: Active application 3D - technologies in historical and culturological researches began more than a quarter of the century back. However, despite constant increase in number large-scale 3D - projects in Russia and abroad, the question of efficiency of use of methods of three-dimensional visualization and "virtual reality" from the point of view of achievement of the set scientific and educational objects is a subject for further reflections and discussions. As one of the main tasks of further development of the information and analytical platform "History of Modern Russia" created with assistance of RGNF (project No. 13-31-11003) is increase of popularity of this resource, in work are investigated various 3D - technologies and projects from the point of view of an assessment of prospects of realization of similar approaches for attraction of interest of audience to questions of national history of the end of XX-of the beginning of the XXI centuries. Methods of induction, deduction, abstraction, formalization, systematization, comparison, other analytical methods were applied to the solution of research tasks. Advantages and shortcomings of various 3D technologies - scannings, and also opportunities, achievements and the main problems connected with use of methods of three-dimensional visualization for the solution of problems of preservation, research, restoration and reconstruction of objects of historical and cultural heritage are analysed. The assessment of prospects of use 3D - solutions for further development of the information and analytical platform "History of Modern Russia" is given.
Vlasova T.A., Slezin A.A. - Peculiarities of structuring of the Komsomol membership during the 1960’s pp. 87-104

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2017.7.23653

Abstract: The object of this research is the organizations of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomol). The subject is the peculiarities of structuring of the Komsomol organization. Chronological framework of the work are limited by the 1960’s, when Komsomol practically got past the “equator” of its historical path. The main sources apply the materials of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History, as well as “collections of regulations” that initially were sealed as “top secret” in low circulation into the republican and district committees of Komsomol, and results of surveys of the Komsomol veterans. Using the comparative-historical method, the author draws analogy between the quantitative and qualitative changes in Komsomol of the 1960’s. The article demonstrates that the all-round establishment of Komsomol organization under the particular circumstanced of 1960’s substantiated the amplitude of mobilization abilities of the Komsomol. Rejection of the mass exclusions from Komsomol alongside the rapid easing of regulations regarding the social origin of the entrants, stimulated the bonding of Komsomol with the largest masses of Soviet youth. In addition, the manifestations of formalism in terms of entering the Komsomol, vast number of young men and women who were Komsomol members only on paper, neglecting even the responsibility of paying the fees, contributed into the formation of a negative image of Komsomol among certain part of the youth.
Sineokii O.V. - Communication-legal analysis of some special events in activity of a rock band from the historical perspective (“comeback”, “reunion”, “reincarnation”, “reestablishment”) pp. 94-114

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.2.17991

Abstract: This article is first within the Russian scientific literature to analyze a rock band within the system of legal relations formed in the area of music industry from the systemic perspective. The subject of this publication is the music-legal analysis of international practice on resolution of the issues that emerge in juridical platitude due to special events associated with the transformation of rock bands. The author thoroughly reviews the examples of legal content and judicial (extrajudicial) consideration of disputes from the practice of music industry. Particular attention is given to determination of specificity of separate or joint co-authorship within the rock band, as well as intellectual-legal peculiarities of the use of back-catalogue and labels. The theoretical core of this research consists in the theory of communication in terms of the culturological knowledge with element of intellectual property law. The author comes to a conclusion that a rock band holds one of the major places within the system of legal relations in the area of sound recording as an integral communication phenomenon that represents a special format of music collective with characteristic peculiarities in composition, distribution of role and functions, and used instruments. Based on the communication-legal theory, the author describes each of the special events (“comeback”, “reunion”, “reincarnation”, and “reestablishment”), analyzing the similarities and differences, as well as issues emerging due to the match of names. The author underlines the proposition regarding the normative consolidation of the use of the term “music law” that characterizes a complex sub-branch of civil law, the subject of regulation of which lie in the legal relations emerging in music sphere, and particularly legal aspects of the international music business.
Yanchurkin O.V. - Historical aspects of development of the positions on legalization (laundering) of criminal income and their influence upon the lawmaking practice pp. 97-107

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.2.17216

Abstract: The subject of this research is the Russian and foreign normative legal acts that comprise legal foundation for the fight against legalization (laundering) of the criminal income which was realized using the offshore zones. The object is the public relations emerging in the process of counteraction of crimes of the reviewed category. In the first part of this article the author carefully examines such aspects of the topic as the genesis of criminal act – “laundering” of the income. Special attention is given to its legal codification and determination of the main components of the definition of “laundering” that is contained in the international Conventions and Russian legislation. As a result of this research, the authors were able to reveal the main aspects of the definition of legalization (laundering) of the criminal income, realized using the offshore zones; detect correlation between the international norms and the positions of Russian legislation which regulate the process of counteraction of the aforementioned crime; establish the chronology and reasons of the changes introduced into the Article 174 and 1741 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation, which are aimed at improving the legislation in the sphere of fight against legalization (laundering) of criminal income.
Mamychev A.Yu. - Formation of the tradition of archetypal research of public-authority organization pp. 98-106

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.1.21077

Abstract: Formation of the tradition of archetypal research of public-authority organizationThe subject of this research is the historical-political examination of the process of establishment and ideological-conceptual evolution of the notion of “archetype”, as well as the comprehensive analysis of formation of the archetypal tradition of cognition of the grounds of public-authority organization. The article substantiates the fact that the relevance and demand of the study of archetypal grounds is associated with the reconstruction of adequate to society forms of political-legal organization, as well as sustainable directions on institutional-authority development. In addition to that, the author underlines that within the history of political and legal thought there are various traditions of archetypal research, which are not reduced to just a single theoretical-conceptual format – analytical psychology that discovers the new heuristic opportunities in examination of the sustainable components of sociocultural evolution of the public-authority organization. The methodological and theoretical foundation is mostly based on developments on the area of political science, history of political teachings that belong to the Russian and foreign specialists, as well as separate positions of the theory of archetypes and political anthropology. The scientific novelty of this work consists in systematization and substantial interpretation of the fundamental directions in development of the archetypal traditions that ate based on the diverse worldview, philosophical, mythological, religious, and other grounds. The article proves that the ideas on the unified archetypal tradition, which originates from Plato and continues to the modern socio-humanitarian discourse, are erroneous. In reality, there are different ideological-conceptual vectors of understanding and interpretation of the concept of “arche”, which is associated with the establishment of a special direction in research of the in-depth foundations of social organization and political-legal thinking activity. At the same time, in this multiplicity of archetypal traditions, it is possible to highlight and conceptualize the core ideas, concurrent interpretations, as well as similar forms of cognition of the hidden and meaningful foundations of society, state, authority, and politics.  
Sineokii O.V. - Structural-format transformation of a rock band as a relatively sustainable frame in the history of sound recording (music legal analysis of certain types of transformations) pp. 144-166

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.3.17982

Abstract: This article is first in the Russian scientific literature to analyze a rock band from the perspective of legal relations established in music industry. The subject of this publication in the music legal analysis of international practice of resolution of the issued that emerge in juridical platitude due to the rock bands transformations. The author carefully examines the formats of rock bands transformations, illustrating the research materials in the examples from music business, including the legal support and court consideration of disputes. The chronological boundaries capture the period of 50 years (1965-2015). The theoretical core lies in communication theory in the context of culturological knowledge with the elements of intellectual property rights. The author comes to a conclusion that a rock band holds one of the major places within the system of legal relations, being an integral communication phenomenon and representing a certain format of music collective with the inherent peculiarities in its composition, number of participants, distribution of role and functions, used instruments. Based on the communication legal theory, the author describes each of the formats of transformations, analyzing the similarities and differences, as well as the issues that often occur due to coincidence in the names (trademarks, brands). Special attention is given to the author’s proposition regarding the formulation and adoption of the Model Code in the field of sound recording as a unified regulation of behavioral rules of recommendation character.
Sineokii O.V. - The Main Types of Violations of Intellectual Property Rights in The History of Music Recording (The Analytical Review of The Problems of Plagiarism, Counterfeiting & Bootlegging In The Second Half of XX – Beginning of XXI Centuries) pp. 161-190

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.4.18081

Abstract: The object of the present study is an intellectual relations in the field of musical recordings. The subject of the article is a comprehensive description of the main types of violations of intellectual property rights in the history of music recording. One of the purposes of the publication is to systematize and distinction identified in the subject field disturbances in the degree of public danger. In this regard, the author of subject stops his research interest in the problems of illegal activity in this area – plagiarism, counterfeit audio products and the phenomenon of bootlegging in the chronological framework of the second half of the XX century – the first decade of the XXI century. Details considered practical examples of violations of rights holders in the music business. The theoretical core around which are grouped the methodological bases of research is the concept of intellectual property rights (intellectual property rights) in the context of cultural knowledge about soсial-musical (musical-legal) the nature of the three types of infringements of intellectual property rights in the sound recordings of popular music – plagiarism, counterfeiting and bootlegging. The priorities are the general methodological approaches to the analysis of social phenomena: the concrete historical and descriptive methods, comparative, dialectical systemic, structural and functional analyzes.As a result of the study the author comes to the conclusion that the level of musical audio stream adjusted using exclusively legal means is no longer possible and this trend affects the change communication formats in the music industry and record business. The study of the historical and legal aspects of bootlegging as a sub-system of unofficial records gave reason for removing logical-legal formula «Conflict-Free Anti-Recording». Less important intellectual and legal innovation is to identify the different levels of relations in terms of «Non-Release» and «Official Bootleg», which requires, in the author’s opinion, and additional regulatory updates on the legislative level.
Akishin M.O. - The legal language of the Russian state in the late XV – XVII centuries pp. 168-187

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.3.19128

Abstract: Critical factor in the development of the Russian state in the late XV – XVII centuries was the transformation of writ language obschevelikorussky in the state language. On the one hand, it is possible to create one of the fundamental bases of national unity. On the other, mandative language became the language of the legislation, court and official records management. Methodological basis of research is the dialectical method of cognition, scientific and private-scientific methods. The article is interdisciplinary, using methods and techniques of legal theory, source studies and historical linguistics. This article argues that the strengthening of the Supreme power and improve the mechanism of state in XVI – XVII centuries laid the foundations for the process of formation of law in the modern sense of the word, the improvement of Executive and administrative activities and proceedings. As before, the Russian right XVI – XVII centuries developed under the influence of the Byzantine (Greco-Roman) law, as evidenced by the tracings with the conceptual-categorical apparatus of Roman law and the use of arqueolegico language in the Russian legislation. But from the mid-seventeenth century becomes noticeable influence of European law, which is reflected in the borrowing of European legal vocabulary. In other words, you can talk about the beginning of the process of Europeanization of state and law of Russia, which received its highest development in the legislation of the Russian Empire XVIII – XIX centuries.
Yanchurkin O.V. - Historical aspects of development of the provisions of legalization (laundering) of proceeds of crime and their impact on the law enforcement practice. Part 2. pp. 188-197

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.3.18313

Abstract: The subject of this research is the Russian legal acts that comprise the fundament of the fight against legalization (laundering) of illegal gains, as well as the practice of their implementation. The object of the research is the public relations that emerge in the process of counteraction to the crimes in this category. The second part of the article provides detailed examination of the genesis of the positions on legalization (laundering) of “dirty” money and their influence upon law enforcement practice. A special attention is given to the issues of prosecution (investigation and trial), as well as proposals on the ways and means of their solution. The author was able to determine the causes of negative trends in the investigative practice of legalization of “dirty” money and substantiate their interconnection with the legal norms aimed at fighting laundering of these funds. Analysis of the legal norms and prosecution practice in the historical aspect of their development allowed the author to determine the special status of the decisions of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and their influence upon qualification of acts in the area of laundering of criminal gains.
Akishin M.O. - The formation of the legal language in Ancient Rus IX – XII centuries. pp. 203-236

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.1.17620

Abstract: The fundamental hypothesis of the article is the theory, formulated in parallel, and V. I. Vinogradov.L. Weisgerber, according to which language is a state – building factor, an essential attribute of the state. The core of the lexico-semantic field of the state language is legal language. The formation of the state language of Ancient Russia was, on the one hand, due to the blurring of the dialects of East Slavic tribes and the formation of a single Russian spoken language; on the other hand, the adoption of Church Slavonic as the language old Russian book-learning. The desire to distance the Prince of statutes for the population of Ancient Russia was determined that Russian spoken language as their basis. However, Church Slavonic language has influenced the texts of the Prince of legitimation, it was carried out translations of Byzantine legislation, including acts of ecclesiastical law, which had legal force in Russia. Therefore, the state language has evolved in the combination of Russian spoken language and Church Slavonic language. A study of the lexico-semantic field of Russian language of the law helped to prove that in Ancient Russia there was a number of terms that are fundamental to modern legal language, including: law, law, customs, Ambassador, Treasury, court, plaintiff, a person, estate, lender, will, murder, witness, etc. Rich lexical composition of the language of the law allowed to borrow from Byzantine law and to formulate abstract rules in the statutes of princes of Ancient Russia.
Tsendrovskii O.Yu. - The evolution of theory and practice of PR in the history of social communication pp. 279-337

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.16301

Abstract: The author of the article attempts to determine the concept of the phenomenon of “public relations” and its internal borders, as well as to demonstrate its historical development and place within the modern society. For this purpose, the following goals are set: to gradually expound the history of persuasive communication and its main instruments (advertising, propagation, PR); during the course of the historical-social research, to revise and correct their definitions and common understanding; as a result of the analysis of the current state of social communication, to give practical recommendations for the advertising and PR and, as well as the forecast of their development in the nearest future. The author’s main contribution consists in postulating of the multi-component nature of public relations, which despite the absolutely predominant opinion, cannot be reduced to a single foundation. The author formulates three independent elements of public relations: informative, suggestive, and adaptive; and describes their origin, specificity, and concept. The author claims that the initial instrument of PR – the creation of special events with the powerful dramatic layer of semantics that are interesting and entertaining – gains a great significance and advantage over all other ways of communicational influence under the conditions of prevalence of the virus model of spreading information (horizontally, from user to user).
Sulimin A.N. - Nonlinear dynamics of the Russian political orders through a prism of historical process pp. 338-364

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.16617

Abstract: The article considers of the evolution of the Russian political orders in historical process from the point of view of a synergetic paradigm. The author identifies historical types of the Russian political orders, considers nonlinear dynamics of their formation, the organization and degradation. The concept of the author argues that Post-Soviet Russia has gone through several microbifurcations and is in a phase of disintegration of the Soviet political order. By results of research the author refers to conditions and necessary factors of origin of a new political order in modern Russia.
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