Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Comparative history research"
Comparative history research
Arslanov R.A. - Liberal Project of Liberation of the Serfs in Russia pp. 1-49
Abstract: In his article the author reconstructs and analyzes the project of solving the 'serfs issue' as developed by the leading theorist of the Russian liberalism in the middle of the XIX century K.D.Kavelin. Kavelin's idea became a real alternative to bureaucratic reformation of the country. The author of the article views the relationship between the liberal Kavelin and representatives of the ruling circles and his contribution to liberation of the serfs. Special attention is paid to Kavelin's participation in formation of anti-serf public opinion as well as his views on the main features of modernization in Russia. 
Nikulin V.V. - Party and Government Nomenclature and Law in Soviet Russia: Dual Liability or Special Legal Conditions (the 1920's) pp. 1-43

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2013.3.750

Abstract: The article is devoted to the theoretical and practical aspects of the process of formation of the party and government nomenclature during the civil war and New Economic Policy. The author of the article makes a very important conclusion that it was the war that created a special type of a Soviet leader. The author also underlines the constant aspiration of the Soviet nomenclature towards better life and comfort including by the means of simple corruption. That led to the growth of crime among officials and increased criminal prosecution of officials. Taking into account the deficiency of loyal staff, the government decided to create the system of special legal privileges for Soviet official. Those legal privileges allowed to avoid responsibility for the crime committed. The author of the article in detail analyzes archive sources and other documents and describes the process of creation of the system of special legal conditions for representatives of the Soviet nomenclature who committed crime. The author also analyzes the legal and social consequences of that double standard policy. The author makes an assumption that in the 1920's Russia followed the double legal standard policy. There were standards especially for the Soviet nomenclature and other standards applied to regular citizens. The double legal standards were based on the unoficial law and existed in the form of secret regulatory acts. Those acts were addressed to judicial authorities and regulated the legal policy towards party members. 
Abdulin R.S. - Court Administration as a Structure-Functional Unit in the Soviet State Administration System pp. 16-36

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2014.3.11044

Abstract: The article is devoted to the court administration forming and development in the Soviet Russia, to the evolution of processes of the court administration development performed by the subjects of the outward administrative court management (the organization’s executives) as well as by the subjects of the court administration inside the court system. The author of the articles also shows the role of the Soviet Party bodies in forming and developing organizational and ideological principles of the court administration and in working out models of the court administration and its gradual transformation into internal administration which serves to make the present-day court system independent and self-sufficient. The methodological basis of the work is the principles of dialectic and historical materialism which lets view the problems under research in their appearance and development in tight connection with the Soviet State building and the necessities of the court administration. In the course of the research the comparative analysis, technical, logical, historical and legal and other methods of learning the state legal processes and phenomena have been used. The scientific novelty is in the distinctiveness of the question posing which supposes to study the whole complex of the administrative influence in the courts from the Party’s bodies, Administration and State Power branches and the higher courts that aimed at providing the optimal work of the people’s courts. The author of the article strongly believes that the court administration as an institution is not dying, but it is transforming into a new state – internal system administration and continues its incessant influence on the processes in the present-day internal court power.
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