Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Contents of Issue № 05/2018
Contents of Issue № 05/2018
History of regions of Russia
Azarenko I.S. - Change of status of the serfs of Kaluga Province in 1859-1862 in the context of implementation of the Serfdom Abolishment Manifesto pp. 1-8


Abstract: The object of this research is the aspects of socioeconomic status of peasants in the Russian Empire in second half of the XIX century until the adoption of Emancipation Manifesto of 1861 and as a result of its implementation. The subject of this research is the peculiarities of the change of status of the serfs in Kaluga Province in 1859-1862 due to the Emancipation Reform. Based on the studied materials, the author provides the data on peasants’ life until the reform of 1861 and specificities of their dependent status. The author examines the specificity of conversion of peasants in Kaluga Province into the status of the temporary obliged; as well as analyzed the precise examples of conflict situations emerging in the post-reform period between peasants and landowners in the region. The scientific novelty lies in analysis of the previously unused archival documents from the State Archive of Kaluga Oblast that allowed considering the new factual material regarding the status of serfs in Kaluga Province during the indicated timeframe. A conclusion is made about the insignificant changes of serfs’ status with proclamation of the Manifesto of 1861, which mostly affected the civic-legal status rather than land relations. It is determined that in overall discontent with the terms of liberation, the declaration of the provisions of peasant reformed was met by the peasants loyally due to the mediate policy of the governor general of Kaluga Province V. A. Artsimovich
Nagornov V.P. - Economic modernization of Russia of the middle of XIX – the beginning of XX century in the history of mining factories of Ryazan Province pp. 9-18


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the impact of capitalist modernization of Russian of the second half of XIX – the beginning of XX century upon the development of metallurgical industry of Ryazan Region. The object of this research is the infrastructure of metallurgical branch of Ryazan Province, trade-industrial and financial institutions that participated in financing of manufacturing, factory personnel, dynasties of the factory owners. Major attention is given to the dynamics of performance indicators of the factories, development of the new centers of metallurgical industry in Sapozhkovsky, Kasimovsky and Ryazansky districts, and transformation of the output structure of the factories. The research is carried out on the basis of modernization approach and principle of historicism, with application of system analysis, problem-chronological, logical, and historical-comparative methods. The results can be valuable in development of the modernization programs for Russian industry. The article introduces into the scientific circulation the new facts that reflect the specificity of entering of the Ryazan mining factories into the system of the commodity and financial market. A conclusion is made that despite the fragmentary nature and instability of the modernization tendencies in development of the Ryazan metallurgy, its structures have played an important role in diversification of the economy and evolution of the social space of Ryazan Krai of the post-reform era.
Sevostyanova E., Skobina E.A. - pp. 19-31


Starikov I.V. - pp. 32-42


History of political and legal doctrines
Surkov O.S. - pp. 43-49


History and Economics
Kosykh E.S. - pp. 50-57


Culture and cultures in historical context
Kulpina A.V. - pp. 58-64


Historical sources and artifacts
Orfinskaya O.V. - pp. 65-96


Ethnography and ethnology
Khaliulina A.I. - pp. 97-108


Beliefs, religions, churches
Markhanova T.F. - Buddhist monasteries in China, Korea and Japan (V-VII AD) pp. 109-124


Abstract: The subject of this research is the history of Buddhist temples of East Asia of the V and VII centuries. The author proves that Buddhist monasteries of Korea were built on the basis of Buddhist monasteries of imperial China because of cultural exchange between countries. The penetration of Buddhism into Korea through China began in the IV century AD. The first of the three states that existed at the time on the Korean peninsula, where it began to spread, was Koguryo. Soon the first monasteries were created. Buddhist literature came from various centers of China, Korean monks were also trained there, as a result, the development of Buddhism in Korea was largely determined by the influence of Chinese Buddhism. In turn, Chinese culture spread through Korea to the Japanese archipelago. The information available in the Korean and Japanese annals, as well as some archaeological data, allow us to judge about close spiritual contacts of the representatives of the Korean peninsula and the Japanese islands. For example, a notable place in "Harima Fudoki" (jap. 風土 記, "Description of the customs of lands") is a description of the life, occupation and beliefs of Korean immigrants who lived in this province and had a serious impact on the culture of local residents. The article deals with a state monasteries that is a monasteries which had sponsored by different emperors of China. The layout of Buddhist temples is also considered for the first time. In the study, the author used principles of objectivity, historicist determinism, systematic approach, the method of quantitative data and comparative-historical method. The scientific novelty is determined by the fact that the subject of a special complex study of Buddhist monasteries of China, Korea and Japan from the period of the V-VII centuries. The author comes to the conclusion that the Chinese monasteries have become a prototype of the monasteries of Korea and Japan. Thus, the layout of Chinese monasteries "Central Pagoda and one Hall in the rear" became the main type of layout of Buddhist monasteries in the second half of the 5th century, continuing until the beginning of the 7th century. This layout of monasteries of northern and southern dynasties with its Chinese characteristics had a huge influence on the construction of early Buddhist monasteries to neighboring countries, in particular Korea and Japan.
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