Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Contents of Issue № 02/2013
Contents of Issue № 02/2013
Historical sources and artifacts
Tikhonov V.V. - '... To Batter Down the Final Nail in the Coffin of Isaak Mintz and His Henchmen': Destruction of the Historian Isaak Mintz's Group During the Years of Ideological Campaigns of 'Late Stalinism' pp. 1-28


Abstract: The article is devoted to the destruction of so called 'Mintz- Razgon - Gorodetsky' group as part of ideological campaigns during the years of 'late Stalinism'. The author of the article focuses his attention on the opposition between historians A. Sidorov and I. Mintz during the years of struggle against 'rootless cosmopolitism'. Analyzing a wide range of scientific works many of which have never been discussed in Russian science before, the author of the article shows the influence of the campaign on historical studies. The author describes the main cause of the opposition between I. Mintz and A. Sidorov and makes a conclusion that the fight for influence over academic community was an important element of ideological campaigns back in those times. Based on the example of E. Gorodetsky, the author makes a conclusion that the campaign made part of the intelligentsia to review their values and to assume an anti-Stalin position.
Factors of historical development
Shadrin A.Y. - Mobilization Development Model in the USSR (1945 - 1991). Crisis and Attempts to Overcome it pp. 29-50


Abstract: Control system and ideology are the two main controls of society under the conditions of moblization development. The peak efficiency of that particular model of social management fell on the post-war period. However, overpressure of forces and limited resources raised a question about using personal motivation of citizens along with the methods of enforcement and conviction. Economic and social management was performed by economic executives through political parties. This led to functional differentiation in the Soviet elite and created groups who had special interests. When Iosif Stalin's government was over, the question about which group would be at the head of government came up. The Council of Ministers lost their position to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and republican authorities which created another powerful group, national 'elite'. At  the same time, ideology was in chaos: the XX convention raise important questions about the previous state strategy and included utopic targets of full development of the communist society. The struggle of the 'elite' groups also introduced new methods of political management. Informal relationships became important. Elections of a new Soviet governor depended on clan relations just like in case of Mikhail Gorbachev. Groups kept satisfying their needs and interests and in the long run came to direct communication with the criminal environment. Needs of the state and government were replaced with the interests of clans. The government lost its legitimacy. The hopes people had at the beginning of Reconstruction Era were replaced with disappointment and disrespect towards Gorbachev and all what he symbolized - socialist regime and the Soviet Union.  
Social history
Fadeev L.A. - Problems of Competitive Practices at Engineering Enterprises During the First Five-Year Periods pp. 51-75


Abstract: The article deals with socialist competition at the Soviet machine-building enterprises in days of the first five-years periods as to one of the major elements of labour relations. The analysis of the hard-powered work practices on various on the size and structure enterprises of one branch allows to track the influence of the scales of factory and a role of competitive practices in system of labour relations of the enterprise.
Anthroposociogenesis and historical anthropology
Koroleva L., ., . - Islamic Political and Informal Organizations of Russia During the 1990's (Based on the Example of the Middle Volga Region) pp. 76-88


Abstract: The authors of the article analyze the process of creation of Muslim political organizations in Russia at the federal level during so called religious Renaissance in the 1990's (All-Union Islamic Revival Party 'Nakhdat', Islamic Cultural Center, Social Movement 'Nur' ('Light'), the Union of Muslims of Russia, 'Ittifak al'-muslimin' (Muslim Union) and political movement 'Refax'). The authors also analyze programs carried out by these organizations, activities of their leaders, relations with political parties and etc. The process of formation of informal Islamic groups had the following peculiarities in the Middle Volga Region: more 'earthly' nature of units, close relations to usual Muslims, radical nature of those organizations and their activities, political neutrality and focus on the issues of national culture. The authors also study associated programs, targets, activities and documents ('Tatar kanun' - Constitution of Tatar People, 'Tatar mekhellese' and others) created by both radical and moderate groups such as Tatar Social Center, Tatar Party of National Independence 'Ittifak', Youth Union 'Azatlyk' and etc. The authors also describe the Muslim closed group 'Saf Islam' (Pure Islam). Even though Tatar national movements appealed to Islamic values, their programs and activities were mostly socially oriented.
History of ethnicities, peoples, nations
Guykin V.A. - Korean Diaspora in Japan, Quasi-Labour Union of Soai-Kai and the Great Earthquake in Kanto pp. 89-142


Abstract: Since 1916 when Japan experienced the industrial boom caused by the First World War a growing number of immigrants had been coming to Japan to work at factories and plants. In 1916 the Korean Diaspora consisted of 5624 people and in 1920 it reached 298000 people. Most of those people were simple workers with low competence and skills.Korean massacres after the Great Earthquake in Kanto in 1923 when thousands of Korean people had been murdered became some kind of a milestone in the history of the Korean Diaspora. It caused immigrants to establish their own social organizations and develop the quasi-labor union Soai-Kai and Zenko communist labor union. The present article is the first work in Russian historiography devoted to the Korean Diaspora in Japan. The author of the article also provides a complex analysis of activities performed by the quasi-labour union Soai-Kai that was created and managed by state and police authorities.
Issues of war and peace
Boltaevskii A.A. - Salonika Battle Front During the First World War pp. 143-162


Abstract: The article shows the role and important of Salonika battle front during the First World War. The author of the article describes the nature of military actions and diplomatic discussions. Russian literary sources still focus rather on the Western and Eastern fronts. At the Salonika front the Entente forces consisted of English, French, Italian, Russian and later Greek people. Therefore, it would be interesting to study historical experience of cooperation of allies as a coalition. Personal interests of coalition participants interfered with their strategic cooperation. The author of the article also shows the influence of the Russian February Revolution and the phenomenon of 'brotherhood' in 1917. In 1918 in the Salonika front the 'Entente Cordiale March' was created to celebrate the withdrawal of Austrian-Hungarian forces (the main ally of Germany). 
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