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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Drafting and passing of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in the conditions of confrontation between the legislative and presidential branches in 1993

Khubeshty Artur Feliksovich

Postgraduate student, the department of History of State and Municipal Administration, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, gorod federal'nogo znacheniya, g. Gorod Moskva, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

khubeshty@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2021.1.34920

Review date:

24-01-2021


Publish date:

08-02-2021


Abstract.

The object of this research is the process of drafting and passing of the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation. The subject of this research is the political confrontation between the President and legislative authority in the context of elaboration of the basic law of the Russian Federation. The article employs the method of systemic analysis, which allows to gradually trace and analyze the events that determined the impossibility of adopting the Basic Law at the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Federation. The author outlines the causes of confrontation between the President and the legislative branch, as well assesses the political situation, in which the new political system layered over the old, forcing the Congress of People’s Deputies and the Supreme Soviet of Russia to leave the political arena. The article reveals the conditions established in Russia in the 1990 – 1933 for the transformation of sociopolitical relations that allowed the President to take control over the initiative, which determined the political structure and the vector of socioeconomic development of the country. Based on the chronological analysis of the events, the conclusion is made that the likelihood of vast increase of the President’s role in the new political system was predetermined by indecisiveness of the legislative branch. The President and his team were able to implement in draft of the Constitution all their intentions balancing the presidential and parliamentary authorities.

Keywords: the political system, Congress of People's Deputies, Parliament, President of the Russian Federation, The basic law, Constitution of the Russian Federation, Constitutional Conference, The Federal agreement, Government of the Russian Federation, the state Duma
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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