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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Activity of the local self-government aimed at improvement of sanitary and hygienic situation in Vladivostok and Primorskaya Oblast in the conditions of modernization of the early XX century

Suprunova Elena

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Humanities, Pacific State Medical University

690002, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, ul. Okeanskii Prospekt, 90, kv. 57

elena.suprunova@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2020.8.33490

Review date:

20-07-2020


Publish date:

03-09-2020


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the activity of central and, specifically, local authorities aimed at ensuring conditions for public health and well-being in Vladivostok and Primorskaya Oblast in the early XX century. The goal is to determine the key problems pertaining to provision of urban amenities to the city and region, and the measures taken by the authorities to resolve them. Research methodology is based on the analysis of archival documents and a combination of special historical methods, such as problematic-chronological, comparative-historical, and classification. The author also used the materials from Primorsky State Archive, including cases of Vladivostok City Administration, reports of Vladivostok State Duma, and cases of the Military Governor of Primorskaya Oblast. In the conditions of modernization of the early XX century, including Stolypin's resettlement policy, the unpreparedness of suburbs of the Far East to mass population by foreign and Russian citizens became evident due to the absence of basic conditions of urban civilization. The conclusion is made that local authorities, relying on support of the central administration, undertook measures for ensuring favorable living conditions in the region. Leaning on examination of the previously unstudied archival documents, the author concludes on ineffectiveness of measures undertaken by the local authorities. The acquired results of can be applied in the current activity of local authorities, as well as in teaching historical disciplines universities, including such discipline as the History of the Primorsky Krai (in the department of Humanities at Pacific State Medical University). The experience accumulated demonstrates the effective solution for multiple issues.

Keywords: demography, resettlement, hygienic, public health, improvement, local government, modernization, living, hygiene, public health care
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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