Recitation of sacred text in rites of passage among the Muslims of Volga-Ural Region (XIX – XXI centuries)
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Genesis: Historical research

Recitation of sacred text in rites of passage among the Muslims of Volga-Ural Region (XIX – XXI centuries)
Sokolov Oleg

Postgraduate student, Laboratory Researcher, Scientific Laboratory for Analysis and Modeling of Social Processes, Saint Petersburg State University

195426, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Universitetskaya Nab., 9
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The subject of this research is the rites of passage among the Muslims of Volga-Ural Region in historical perspective. Ritual practices of the Muslim population of Volga Region are of particular interest since they developed in the conditions of continuous contact with non-Muslim population, and religious was often a key factor of national self-identification. Examination of the patterns of inclusion of the sacred text fragments into Muslim rituals in Volga-Ural Region has not previously been a topic of separate research within the Russian and Western anthropology. Analysis of functionality of the sacred text in rites of passage among the Muslims of Volga Region was conducted within the framework of methodology of diachronic analysis through comparing the records from Arabographic manuscripts and modern editions of prayer books. It is underlined that the prayers presented in manuscript of the XIX century are formulaic and repetitive, consisting usually of brief repeating fragments – epithets of Allah, names of prophets and chapters Ayats. Modern prayer books contain the whole Ayats and Surahs, or citations from Hadith. Such difference can be explained by widely accessible printed literature and expansive increase in the literacy level among population of the region comparing to the XIX century. The author notes that the great majority of prayers in both types of sources are in Arab language, which emphasizes a sacred significance of Arab language in the Muslim culture.

Keywords: Islam, recitation, hadith, the Quran, identity, rite of passage, Volga region, manuscripts, islamic culture, prayers
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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