Статья 'К вопросу об истории формирования санитарной и природоохранной деятельности в России в XVIII в.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

To the question on history of formation of the sanitary and nature conservation activity in Russia in the XVIII century

Babintseva Ekaterina Alekseevna

PhD in History

Senior Educator, the department of Foreign Languages, the faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 10/2, kab. 502

babintseva-ea@rudn.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Ponomarenko Lyudmila Vasil'evna

Doctor of History

Vice-Dean of the faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia; Professor, the department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 10/2, of. 516

ponomarenko-lv@rudn.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.12.31648

Review date:

08-12-2019


Publish date:

26-12-2019


Abstract.

The object of this research is the sanitary-epidemiological measures in the context of history of nature preservation activity in Russia. The chronological framework covers the XVIII century, which became fundamental for the formation of legislative base in this area of study. The goal of this article consists in determining correlation of compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards with environmental well-being.  The authors also explore the question of the relevant for Russian period of the beginning of combatting insanitary conditions. The plague epidemics of the 1700-1722 that reached Moscow is viewed as the central event affecting the development of sanitary measures. The authors analyze the pivotal historical events on the matter covered in the documents and writings of the scholars involved in studying the specificity of this topic. The scientific novelty consists in consideration of the problem at hand from the perspective of historical and legislative process of development of the state. Based on studying historical processes, the authors determine a direct correlation of flora and fauna with the maintenance of sanitary and epidemiological standard at the level of state control.

Keywords: sewerage, plague epidemic, The Russian Empire, Moscow, ecology, Environment, epidemiology, sanitation, Moscow Police Chancellery, Catherine II the Great
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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