Статья 'Санитарно-гигиенические условия обучения и здоровье школьников Западной Сибири в конце XIX – начале XX вв.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Hygiene and sanitary conditions of educational environment and health of schoolchildren of Western Siberia in the late XIX – early XX centuries

Tatarnikova Anna Ivanovna

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Scientific State of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Ak. Yu. Osipova, 15

tatob777@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.12.31634

Review date:

02-12-2019


Publish date:

09-12-2019


Abstract.

The object of this research is the students of educational establishments of Western Siberia at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries; the subject is the hygiene and sanitary conditions of their educational environment and physical health. The author gives characteristics to the technical, hygiene and sanitary state of school buildings; determines the most widespread illnesses; traces their link with the hygiene and sanitary conditions of educational environment; analyzes the actions of government, pedagogical and medical personnel, social organizations aimed at prevention and counteraction of school illnesses. Research methodology leans on the complex and interdisciplinary approaches, as well as considers separate provisions of modernization theory pertinent to the change of public consciousness under the influence of economic and sociocultural transformations fell on the late XIX – early XX centuries. The author analyzes the stance of the officials, pedagogues and physicians on school as a social institution, and its impact on the students’ health. Based on the extensive volume of sources, including the unpublished, the author describes the state of school buildings, and provides statistical data on the technical, hygiene and sanitary conditions of educational environment. Negative influence of school environment upon students’ health is demonstrated. The conclusion is made on the changes in relation of the government and society to school overall. Among the positive changes are named: the strengthening of hygiene and sanitary control over educational establishments, implementation of annual medical examinations of schoolchildren, supply with first aid kits, conducting lectures for pedagogues on school hygiene and prevention of highly contagious illnesses, organization of hygiene and sanitary education for the young generation, etc.

Keywords: medical supervision, disease, sanitary condition, Western Siberia, schoolchild, health, the learning environment, educational institution, prevention, health education
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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