Статья '«Так это по советским законам, а мы же в Тагиле!»: коррупционные практики на Среднем Урале в 1930-е гг.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

“This is according to Soviet law, but we are in Tagil!”: corruption practices in Middle Ural during the 1930’s

Sushkov Andrei Valer'evich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16

suschkow@mail.ru
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Bedel' Aleksandr Emanuilovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16

bedel54@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
P'yankov Stepan Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, the Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Sof'i Kovalevskoi, 16

kliostefan@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.11.31222

Review date:

31-10-2019


Publish date:

02-12-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the corruption practices of the party leaders and economic officials during the Soviet industrialization of the 1930’s. Based on the documents of party control agencies, the author examines the factors of misappropriation of financial and materials resources for personal gain. Relevance of this study is substantiated by the possibility of deeper understanding of the causes of repressions of the 1930’s with regards to regional authorities and economic officials. The newly introduced into the scientific discourse historical sources allow clarifying the records on the factors contributing to backlog in construction of a number of large industrial enterprise, housing accommodations for workers, and public amenities in one of the largest industrial centers of the Sovier Union. The application of descriptive method allowed demonstrating the details of corruption relationships between the party leaders administration of a number of industrial enterprises. Historical-genetic method helped to reconstruct and specify the circumstances of failure in construction of a series of industrial objects and determine the causes that led to severe financial and living conditions of the employees of the large industrial construction sites in Nizhny Tagil during the period of industrialization. The novelty consists in conducting the first in history special scientific research dedicated to the corruption relations between party nomenclature and economic officials during industrialization of the Ural region in 1930’s. The conclusion is made that corruption actions of the economic officials and party leaders negatively affected the implementation of plans for industrial development. Their unlawful activity not only inflicted an immense damage, but also worsened the financial and living conditions of the employees and engineering and technical personnel.

Keywords: history of industry, corruption, economic crimes, Nizhnii Tagil, Ural, Ivan Kabakov, party and state system of the power, industrialization, administrative practices, workers
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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