Статья 'Завершающий этап борьбы за независимость Сирии: международное обсуждение эвакуации иностранных войск (1945–1946)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Peer-review in 24 hours: How do we do it? > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Publication in 72 hours: How do we do it? > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research

Final stage of the struggle for independence of Syria: international discussion on evacuation of foreign troops (1945-1946)

Bershov Vladimir Nikolaevich

Postgraduate student, the department of Modern and Contemporary History, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Taurida Academy

297630, Russia, respublika Krym, selo Nizhnie Oreshniki, ul. Bryanskaya, 28




Review date:


Publish date:



The subject of this research is the final stage of the struggle for independence of Syria (1945-1946). The article explores the “Anglo-French Agreement on Near East” of December 13, 1945, as well as the response of Syrian society to its conclusion. The author reviews the discussion in the United Nations Security Council  that took place on February 14-16, 1946 regarding the question of evacuation of foreign troops from the territory of Levant , as well as the results of decisions accepted in the UN Security Council that affected the attainment of independence of Syria. Moreover, the article analyzes the final stage of negotiations between Syrian, British and French governments, which led to evacuation of foreign troops from Syria on April 17, 1946. This event resumed the result of French mandate control in the country. The conclusion is made that the “Anglo-French Agreement on Near East” of December 13, 1945 became a breakthrough moment in the struggle of Syrian nation for independence. After it has been signed, the protest movement in Syrian cities reached its heights, forcing the government of Levant to propose it for consideration in the UN Security Council regarding the evacuation of foreign troops on February 14-16, 1946. Although no resolution has been adopted, the question received an international resonance. Under the international pressure, Britain and France had to withdraw their troops in April 1946. This marked another – Syrian – chapter of decolonization of Asian countries. The mandate system was left behind.

Keywords: UN Security Council, Agreement, Evacuation, Struggle for independence, England, Lebanon, France, Syria, Government, Foreign troops
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii (GARF). F. R4459. Op. 26, D. 10.
GARF. F. R4459. Op.27. D. 4418.
GARF. F. R4459. Op. 27. D. 5490.
GARF. F. R4459, Op. 27. D. 5491.
GARF. F. R4459. Op. 27, D. 5492.
GARF, F. R4459, Op, 27, D. 5580.
Oganesyan N. O. Obrazovanie nezavisimoi Siriiskoi respubliki (1939–1946 g.).-M.: Nauka, 1968.-117 s.
Pir-Budakova E. P. Istoriya Sirii XX vek.-M.: Institut vostokovedeniya RAN, 2015.-392 s.
SSSR i arabskie strany, 1917-1960. Dokumenty i materialy.-M.: Gospolitizdat, 1961.-855 s.
أربع سنافات من الأحدي الوطني. Arbaa sanavat min al-ahdi al-watani.-Damascus.: University of Beirut Press 1961.-259 p.
Barr J. A Line in the Sand: The Anglo-French Struggle for the Middle East 1914-1948.-New York.: W. W. Norton & Company, 2012.-305 p.
Davis H. Constitutions,Electoraql Laws, Treties of States in the Middle East.-Durham.: Duke university press, 1953.-560 p.
Hurewitz J. C. Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East. A Documentary Record: 1914-1956. Vol. II. Princeton.: Van Nostrand, 1956.-427 p.
Haddad, G. Fifty years of Modern Syria and Lebanon.-Beirut.: Dar al-Hayat, 1950.-264 p.
Hitti Ph. Syria. A Short History.-L.: Macmillan Company LTD, 1959.-321 p.
Kirk G. The Middle East, 1945-1950.-L.: Duke university press, 1954.-222 p.
Moussa Dib. Tye Arab Block in the Unatid Nations.-Djambatan.: Payot, 1956.-129 p.
نجيب الأرمازي محاضرة سوريا.من الاستقلال حتا الجلاء (محاضرات عن سوريا. من الاحتلالإلى الإخلاء) القاهرة Najib al-Armanazi Muhadarat al-Suriyya.min al-ichtillal hatta al-jala.-Cairo: Librairie Pion, 1953.-295 p.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website