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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Timber УfrontierФ of metallurgical Ural: development strategy of charcoal metallurgy of the region in the late XIX Ц early XX century

Shumkin Georgy Nikolaevich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. S. Kovalevskoi, 16

shumk@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 
Zubkov Konstantin Ivanovich

PhD in History

Leading Scientific Associate, Institute of History and Archeology of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

620990, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. S. Kovalevskoi, 16

zubkov.konstantin@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.11.31111

Review date:

21-10-2019


Publish date:

02-12-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the projects for colonization of forest of Western Siberia by the Ural metallurgical industry in the late XIX – early XX centuries. During the 1890’s, Ural metallurgy was experiencing the shortage of charcoal, which was the main type of fuel for iron production. As the means for overcoming such problem, the expert community started discussing the strategies of supplying metallurgical plants with charcoal from the forests of Western Siberia, which had to be transported by railways. The projects found their implementation through Tavdinskaya Railroad, which was put into operation during the World War I. The concept of “frontier modernization” serves as the methodological foundation for this research. Applicable to the topic at hand, “frontier modernization” consisted in the attempts to retain the specialty profile of Ural metallurgy and its conventional energy by forming at borders of metallurgical Ural of the new development, but with implementation of new technological solution. This work is first within historiography to provide a comprehensive analysis of the projects on colonization of forests of Western Siberia by the Ural metallurgical industry. The conclusion is made that although the project was implemented, it did not produce the results forecasted by the expert community, namely the creation of free charcoal market and decline of circuit system, as it was implemented too late- in 1917. In the context of profound changed in the principles of organization of Ural metallurgical industry in 1920’s, this project was no longer economically viable.

Keywords: firewood, industrial exploitation, railway, frontier, ferrous metallurgy, Ural, mining industry, charcoal, expert community, modernization
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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