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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The problem of quality of consumer goods in USSR during the 1955-1975 (on the materials of clothing industry of Krasnodar Krai)
Gangur Dmitrii Ivanovich

Postgraduate student, the department of History, Culturology and Museology, Krasnodar State Institute of Culture

350040, Russia, Krasnodarskii krai, g. Krasnodar, ul. Dimitrova, 131, kv. 20

gansko@mail.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the quality of apparel manufactured by clothing factories of Krasnodar Krai during the 1950-1975. Based on the archival materials and periodical publications, the author analyzes the quality of the manufactured apparel and the impacting factors, as well as the measures taken by various authorities and structures aimed at its improvement. Reference to the Soviet experience, which in this aspect is yet insufficiently studied, may contribute to further development of national industry and increase of competitiveness of its products. The scientific novelty consists in conducting a special research dedicated to profound examination of the problem of quality of apparel within the indicated chronological framework, which for the first time is viewed on the materials of a particular region. It is concluded that the problem of quality was one of the key ones for the clothing industry. The comparative analysis demonstrates that during the 1950’s, the portion of defective goods has reached up to 50%. The author determines that it was cause by the outdated facilities and equipment, poorly qualified staff, low level of apparel design. The government and sectoral structures undertook measures aimed at improvement of quality of the products, including specialization of fabrics, advancement of technological process, modernization of the industrial production base, ideological campaigns, stricter quality control, expansion of the role of fashion houses. These measures led to the improvement of situation with regards to quality of manufactured apparel by the end of the indicated timeframe. However, the growth in quality was uneven from factory to factory.

Keywords: sewing factories, quality garment, Krasnodar region, quality issue, Soviet Unuon, Light industry, clothing industry, history of industry, clothing modeling, Soviet economy

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30794

Article was received:

14-09-2019


Review date:

14-09-2019


Publish date:

30-09-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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