Статья 'Повседневная жизнь политических заключенных Тобольской губернии в начале XX в.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Everyday life of political prisoners of Tobolsk Governorate in the early XX century

Akberdeeva Dinara Il'gizarovna

Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Research Station of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Akademika Yuriya Osipova, 15

akberdeeva.dinara@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.10.30752

Review date:

09-09-2019


Publish date:

29-10-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the everyday life of political prisoners of Tobolsk Governorate in the extreme conditions of isolation, including routine and behavioral aspects. Everyday life is characterized with routineness and repetitiveness. In the conditions restriction of practically all spheres of life and total control of prison authorities, the political captives were forced to adjust to the unnatural circumstances and constantly search for the ways of physical and psychical survival. The author examines the following questions: living and sanitary-hygienic conditions of incarceration of political prisoners, daily schedule, arrangement of free time, regime changes affected by various factors, struggle of prisoners against toughening of regime, application of disciplinary sanctions and interpersonal relations among them. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that the author is first to characterize the routine of political prisoners of Tobolsk Governorate in the context of extreme conditions of everyday life, which allows to get having a new perspective on the events taking place in the region during the late-imperial period. It is concluded that separate categories of political prisoners had a number of privileges if compared to criminal offenders. The majority of penitentiary facilities of Tobolsk Governorate were characterized by overcrowding and anti-sanitary state of prison wards, insufficient supply of food, clothes and footgear. To a large extent, the conditions depended on country’s domestic political situation, policy of prisoner authorities, peculiarities of adaptation of political prisoners to extreme conditions, and their commitment to achieving goals.

Keywords: prison regime, extreme daily, Tobolsk province, daily life of prisoners, political prisoner, penitentiary system, the Tobolsk prison, sanitary and hygienic conditions, prison life, First Russian revolution
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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